来源：环球教育 | 点击量：次
Lesson discipline 'needs parents'
Parents as well as teachers need to take responsibility for classroom behaviour, says an education expert who has researched teachers' experiences of pupil indiscipline.
Sean Neill, a researcher at the Institute of Education, University of Warwick, says teachers' authority needs to be reinforced if they are to keep the respect of pupils.
While politicians have called for a tougher approach to misbehaviour, Dr Neill says teachers have felt they have lacked support to impose discipline.
"We have to give teachers more professional authority, otherwise the sanctions they impose on pupils won't work. Their status needs to be built up," said Dr Neill.
Teachers say pupil behaviour is getting worse
When pupils have been badly behaved, parents can undermine the school's discipline by taking the side of the erring child, rather than supporting the teacher, he says.
And the appeals system, which allows a pupil's exclusion to be reversed, also makes it more difficult for teachers and head teachers to exert authority, says Dr Neill.
The rate of change in schools and the number of initiatives can also make teachers feel less confident, he says. And when teachers are unsure, this can make it harder to impose order.
Dr Neill says evidence over trends in pupil misbehaviour can be contradictory - and it is not clear that there has been an increase in classroom disruption.
But he says a large majority of teachers do believe that behaviour has become worse - and that this perception is one of the biggest factors in making teachers leave the profession
In particular, he says that low-level disruption is a major problem for teachers, such as pupils answering back or not settling down.
And he says as teachers feel under greater scrutiny and pressure, they are more sensitive to the amount of lesson time lost through bad behaviour.
But Dr Neill is unconvinced by quick fixes. Technology, such as CCTV cameras, might displace a problem, but unless it is tackled it will re-surface elsewhere.
If teachers adopted a much tougher attitude and started shouting at pupils, he says that pupils would soon call their bluff.
Teachers and pupils both know that teachers cannot use force - and that parents would not tolerate the use of force - so an aggressive manner would soon be seen as an empty threat.
And he makes the point that if any system of discipline is to be credible for pupils, it needs to be backed up by parents and wider authority. When teachers are on their own in front of a class, they need to know that any sanction will be enforceable.
While politicians have talked tough and called for more discipline in schools, Dr Neill says pupils' behaviour is more likely to be the product of the environment outside school.
"Pupils' behaviour will reflect their home lives and wider social attitudes. If we live in a self-promoting, consumerist culture, then it's going to be more difficult to get pupils to take their turn and listen to others."
Parents can also face contradictory pressures, says Dr Neill.
While there might be suggestions that children brought up by attentive, nurturing parents are better behaved, this might conflict with the financial necessity for parents to work long hours.
1. indiscipline （核心词），不守纪律
2. keep the respect of 在别人面前计划持微信 例：Parents try to keep the respect of children.
3. call for（雅思核心词）呼吁，有时和demand，advocate进行同义转换。Obama called for gun control。
4. sanction（核心词）制裁，惩罚What sanctions should be employed?（剑6）
5. badly behaved 行为不端正
6. undermine 削弱 undermine company's discipline
7. taking the side of 站到某人一边，可以替换support，back up。
8. exert 施加 exert influence 施加影响
exert pressure 施加压力
exert authority 施加
9. it is not clear that 常用的雅思写作主语从句之一 It is not clear that schools should take the duty.
10. a large majority of teachers do believe that behaviour has become worse
a large majority of 许多，可用代替 a lot of .
do believe do是用来加强语气的
11. answering back 嘴
12. settle down 安静下来，安定
13. are sensitive to 对… 敏感 例：Leo is sensitive to dirty words.
14. tackle（雅思核心词）解决，处理，（后面必须要跟棘手的大问题，比如解决腐败 tackle corruption）
15. tolerate 容忍
16. aggressive（雅思阅读常考的单词之一）有攻击性的 aggressive behaviour
17. the product of the environment 环境的产物
18. finance 金融，资金支持（在雅思阅读经常和fund替换）