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名师讲解雅思语法:定语从句that的用法

2013-11-18 10:08| 来源:环球教育 | 点击量:

摘要: 大家都知道定语从句是写作中经常会用到的句子,但是关于定语从句that的用法却有些混乱,以下几种情况,是在雅思写作中定语从句要注意的。
      大家都知道定语从句是写作中经常会用到的句子,但是关于定语从句that的用法却有些混乱,因为that可以接同位语从句比如:The news that a whole family was murdered in Ningxia shocked the public. 而且在定语从句中,如果先行词在从句中作宾语成分,又可以用that代替which和who,那么有没有哪些情况是只能用that而不是用who和which的呢?当然有,以下几种情况,是在写作中定语从句要注意的。

种情况:
当先行词即有人又有物的时候,那么这个引导词就是that,比如说:I know about GuoJingming and his books that are very popular with young people in China.
The Nobel Prize winners and their achievements that my teacher told me when I was a little girl influenced me a lot.

第二种情况:当先行词是anything, everything, nothing ,few, all, none, little, some等代词时,后面的关系词就是that,that 也可以省略如
I have nothing that I think I should tell you.
That is all that I know.

第三种情况,当先行词是表示特指的时候,如only very right 来修饰乳
He is the only guy that I saw tomorrow in the classroom.
That bag lied on the floor was hers.
That factory that I visited yesterday is a deserted one.

第四种情况,当先行词被序数词,或者形容词的高级修饰的时候;
The first novel I read is written by Dickens.
The only thing that we can do now is to pray.

第五种情况: 句中其他位置已出现which, 为避免重复, 不用which而用that引导限定性定语从句。
Which is the car that has overtaken us?
Which table is the one that we repaired yesterday?

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