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雅思写作发展类素材大集锦

2013-08-23 16:27| 来源:环球教育 | 点击量:

摘要: 环球教育老师为考生罗列了8道有关发展类的雅思写作话题,并且给出具体的思路,供学习借鉴。
发展类,即society & development是雅思写作的一大类话题,基本大多数的考题都与发展有关,所以环球教育老师就为同学汇总了这类素材以及一些观点,以供参考。
1、富是否应该帮助穷
For:
Improve international relations.促进际关系
Reduce international gap between the rich and the poor.缩短际贫富差异
strengthen the international peace and relieve the risk of war.增强际间的和平,缓解战争
Against:
It may be used by the corrupted officials of the government which receive the help to suppress people in their country.腐败政府可以借此压迫穷的人
It can be used as a tool of interference in the internal affairs of other countries.可能作为干预他内政的一种手段
It may increase the financial burden on the people of rich countries.对富可能会带来经济负担
2、际贸易与际交往的好处和弊端;
For
Improve international relations;促进际关系
Bring prosperity to the economy;促进经济发展
Against:
It is harmful to the environment; shipping the goods from one country to the other uses a large amount of fossil fuels and worsens the global warming.对环境有害,从一运输货物到另一会使用大量的燃料,增强温室效应
It may cause the widening gap between the rich and the poor. Companies will certainly move their production to countries with lower cost such as salaries and materials. This would result in unemployment in many places of the world.贫富差异加剧,公司会让那些人力成本和物料成本更低的来生产他们的产品,某种程度上会在某些地区造成失业
It threatens the world peace. The international trade competition is one of the major reasons for conflicts between countries. For example, the two world wars were both fought for economic reasons.
3、移民的好处弊端;
For:
Improve people’s living standard;提高人民生活水平
Enjoy the benefits of more than one culture;享受多文化带来的好处
Relieve the pressure of population in some countries;缓解某些地区的人口压力
Against:
Cause the brain strain of the emigrating countries;引起移民的人才流失
Worsen the employment situation in immigrating countries;在移民的就业问题加剧
Cause conflicts between the local residents and the immigrants;引起当地人和移民之间的冲突
4、是否应该对贫困地区的人们实施优惠政策;
For:
Improve the development of poor areas;促进贫困地区的发展
Reduce the gap between the rich and the poor;缩短贫富差异
Against:
The favorable policy could be abused;一些优惠政策可能被滥用
It is unfair to people in rich areas;对于富的人来说是不公平的
It may not be able to help people in poor areas effectively;可能不会有效地帮助贫困地区的人
5、就业压力变大的原因/影响/解决办法;
Cause:
Job competition; people have to work hard to get promoted or at least to keep their job.就业竞争
The escalation of money worshiping; many people equal success with money;人们将成功与钱等同起来
The rapid development of science and technology; it forces people to spend much time learning new technologies;科技的快速发展,迫使人们去学习新的技能
Solution:
People should adjust themselves;人们应该自我适应
The social security system should be established an perfected;社计划体系应该完好地建立起来
The vocational training should be enhanced to help people to keep pace with technological innovations;加强就职训练,帮助人们与时俱进,跟上科学进步的脚步
6、过度工作的好处和弊端;
For:
Increase income;增加收入
Improve the overall productivity of the society;提高社会的整体生产力
Against:
Is harmful to health;有害健康
Poisons the family relations;影响庭关系
Worsens the situation of employment;加剧就业问题
7、电脑/机器取代人力的好处和弊端;
For:
Increase the productivity. There would be more products to meet people’s needs;提高生产力
Reduce the labor intensity; it release people from hard manual work;降低劳动密集程度
Against:
It is unfavorable to the environment;有害环境
It increases the unemployment rate;增加失业率
8、利用电脑在办公的利与弊;
For:
People will have more time to spend with their family;人们可以花更多的时间陪伴人
It is favorable to the environment; it saves the carbon emission of the commuting;有利于环境,因为减少了由往返车程所带来的二氧化碳排放
Against:
People may mess up the distinct between family and career;人们可能会弄混庭与工作之间的界限
It would cause the leakage of commercial secret. The computer virus, the hackers出现商业秘密泄露的问题,比如电脑病毒、黑客入侵
It is harmful to the relations between colleagues;不利于同事之间关系的维系
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