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1.Educating children is expensive and in some countries the government pays some or all of the costs. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages? 教育
2. In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are commiting more crimes, what are the causes? How should those young criminals to be punished? 社会儿童
3.Some people think that it’s easier for adults to learn practical skills(such as computer skills) by themselves; others think that it’s better to learn with a teacher in the classroom. Discuss both sides and give your opinions. 教育
4.With major cities continue growing, are there any problem to young people? How to solve these problems? 社会
5. some people think a language should be taught in small class, others believe the number of people in class does not matter. Discuss both views and give your opinion. 教育
6. International community should act immediately to reduce all countries consumption of fuels such as gas and oil. Agree or disagree? 资源
7. With the increasing use of mobile phone and computer, people are losing their ability to communicate face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 科技
8. Some people think that environmental problems are too big for individuals to solve. Others, however, believe that the problems cannot be solved if individuals do not take actions. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 环境
9. Television advertising aimed at children nowadays. What are the effects of television advertising for children? Should television advertising for children be controlled? 广告媒体
10. In developing countries, some people think the government should introduce new technology to people in order to improve quality of life, while others believe governments should offer free education. Discuss bothviews and give your own opinion. 政府
11. Some people believe that the best way to produce a happier society isto ensure that there only small differences between the richest and the poorestmembers. Agree or disagree? 社会
12. Some people think the main reason for success is hard work and determination. While other people think factors like money and personal appearance are also important. Discuss both views and give your own opinions. 社会
13. Today in many countries, both women and men workfull-time. Logically, women and men should share household tasks equally. Agree or disagree? 社会男女
14. Employers should give its staff at least four weeks’ holiday a year asemployees can be better at their work. Agree or disagree? 社会工作
15. Some people think that young people should hold positions of power inthe government, others disagree. Discuss both views and give your ownopinions. 社会年轻人
16. Recently more and more people choose to live by themselves, why? Is itpositive or negative for the development of the society? 社会
17. Research shows that overeating can be just as harmful as smoking. Thus the advertising of certain food products should be banned,as cigar is banned in many countries. Agree or disagree? 社会
18. Shops should not be allowed to sell any food and drinks that has be enscientifically proved to be bad for people's health. Agree or disagree? 社会
19. With the large demand of energy sources of oil and gas, should peoplelooking for sources of oil and gas in remote and untouched places? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of damaging such area? 资源
20. It is important for all towns and cities to have large public spaces like squares and parks, do you agree or disagree? 社会 城市规划
The charts show the result of asurvey which indicates the percentage of people who stay in and leave the UK.
The two charts compare different causes that make people stay in and leave the UK.
According tothe first chart, the percentage of people who stay in the UK because of family and friends is the largest (43%), and the second largest reason is social life, with 21% of people choosing this reason. 15% of people stay in the UK because of employment, and those who stay in the UK for financial and language reason account for the smallest (both about 10%).
In comparison, the most important reason for leaving the UK is quality of life (37%), which does not exist in the first chart. "Family and friends" accounts for the smallest percentage(10%). 23% of people leave the UK for financial reason, and this figure is twice as much as that in the first chart. The percentage of employment and weather is the same (15%),while nobody in the first chart choose weather
Overall, the reasons that prompt people to stay in and leave the UK are quitedifferent. （170words）
2.1 线图 2014/4/5 真题
The line graph compares the diverse tendencies of a particular country’s expenses on three aspects namely education, medical care and pension from 2001 to 2051.
As is shown in the graph, the spending on education is the most stable one in three aspects, which always hovers at15% of the country’s whole costs. By contrast, the expenses on other two fields are experiencing totally different trend. During the first two decades of the 21st century, the cost of medical care of the country will remain steady ataround 12% of the total expenditure.
But we will witness a sharp decline onit in the next thirty years, which will finally reach the lowest point of only 4% in 2051. On the other hand, when it comes to the aspect of pension, it isexpected to experience a sudden surge from 6% in 2021 to the summit of around 20% in 2051.
Overall, it can be concluded from the graph that the government will always pay much attention to education and with more healthy elderly population, the country will spend more money on the aspect of pension and cut down the medical care.
2.2 2014/06/19 真题
The line chart compares the number of overseas visitors who came to the UK for different purposes between 1989 and 2009.
It is clear that people traveling to UK in holiday occupied a dominant place, compared with other two (for businessand for visiting friends or relatives), which were over 6 million throughout the time. In detail, starting at about 7 million in 1989, the visitors to UK then showed an exponential increase to a peak at 9 million in 1997, where it lost its momentum, dipping below a little, before it finally rebound to nearly10 million in 2009.
Meanwhile, business and friends-visiting trip to UK shared much in common with each other, ascending from 3 million and 5 million to 6 million and 8 million respectively, in this two decades, during which period, year of 1993 and 2003 welcomed the same number of people going for those two purposes.
The bar chart compares information about the share of total world production in Asia, Europe and the rest of the world respectively during period between 1880 and 2000.
In general, it is notable that the total production in Europe and the rest of the world experienced the similar situation by declining after a time of boosting time while the tendency in Asia was just the opposite.
More specifically, when it comes to Europe,the production turned out to be almost 40% of the total amount in the year of1840. After then, it reached a peak at 45% within 40 years, lingering around for the next 4 decades, before it finally lost its momentum, ending at lessthan 30% of the whole world in 2000. Similarly, the percentage of theproduction in the rest of the world was far less than the other two, followedby a long-lasting increasing trend till it tipped almost 40% in 1960, where itbegan to go downwards.
In terms of Asia, the year of 1840 witnessed the greatest proportion of production (more than 50%). However, asharp decrease by 30% was reported during the following decades till it bottomed at 20% in 1960, before it rebound to 38% in 2000. (206 words)
3.2 2014/08/21 真题
The bar chart compares information about proportion of the expenditure on different commodities in 1998 and 2008.
From the first beginning, the expenses of electronic goods ranked first on people’s shopping list, representing 12% of whole expenditures in 1998 and 20% in 2008. After that, clothing also enjoyed great share of people’s expenses. It had experienced a 10% increase in the past 10 years.
In the aspect of eating, the proportion of eating out in both years was around 6%, without any change. While in the fields of holidays, newspaper/magazine and cinema, people gradually cut down their costin the last 10 years. The percentage of the three aspects all plummeted around4% from 1998 to 2008.
To sum up, people in 2008 spent more money on clothing and electronic goods, but with heavy workload, they had to cut down their leisure time, giving rise to the decline in relative expenditures. ( 151words)