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剑桥雅思10TEST1 PASSAGE1阅读解析

2015-09-10 10:16| 来源:环球名师 | 点击量:

摘要: 今天环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST1 PASSAGE1阅读解析,希望能为雅思考生们带来帮助。
今天环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST1 PASSAGE1阅读解析,希望可以帮助广大雅思考生轻松备考雅思。更多雅思备考信息,请关注上海雅思培训
剑桥雅思10阅读真题
1.总体难度概括:中等,题型简单,但词汇较难。
2.文章标题:Stepwell,话题:科技
3.词汇准备:
单词 词性 解释
第一段    
inhabitant n. 居民
utilitarian adj. 实用主义的
stepwell n. 梯井
irrigation n. 灌溉
access n. 进入
第二段    
unique adj. 独一无二的
architectural adj. 建筑学的
vary v. 变化
heyday n. 全盛期
leisure n. 空闲
community n. 社区
第三段    
comprise v. 由...组成
descend v. 下降
negotiate v. 谈判
underground n. 地下
aquifer n. 蓄水层
第三段    
vast adj. 巨大的
elaborate adj. 精心制作的
pave v. 铺设
slope n. 斜坡
via prep. 通过
pavilion n. 亭子
shelter v. 保护
relentless adj. 残酷的
第四段    
construct v. 建造
divert v. 转移
well n.
suffer v. 经历,遭受
drought n. 干旱
第五段    
site n. 地点
undergo v. 经历,遭受
restoration n. 恢复
第六段    
survive v. 生存
ancient adj. 古代的
incredibly adv. 难以置信的
monument n. 纪念碑
sculpture n. 雕塑
第七段    
honour n. 荣誉
resemble v. 相似
tank n.
display v. 显示
stunning adj. 极好的
geometrical adj. 几何学的
第八段    
renowned adj. 著名的
wealth n. 财富
第九段    
commission n. 委员会
intricately adv. 杂乱地
carve v. 雕刻
第十段    
ruined adj. 毁灭的
dramatic adj. 引人注目的
steeply adv. 陡峭地
striking adj. 显著的
veranda n. 走廊,阳台
overlook n. 眺望
pattern n. 形式
第十一段    
storey n. 楼层
underwater n. 水下
colonnad n. 柱廊
第十二段    
neglect v. 忽略
medieval adj. 中世纪的
recognise v. 承认,认可
preserve v. 保护
flock n.
reminder n. 暗示
civilisation n. 文明
 
4. 题型分析:
这篇文章由判断和填空组成,是典型的第一篇文章结构。
判断题+短问答+表格填空题
 
1-5判断题
1. Examples of ancient stepwells can be found all over the world.
2. Stepwells had a range of functions, in addition to those related to water collection.
3. The few existing stepwells in Delhi are more attractive than those found elsewhere.
4. It took workers many years to build the stone steps characteristic of stepwells.
5. The number of steps above the water level in a stepwells altered during the course of a year.
 
解析:1. 题目定位词为examples,考点词为can be found和all over the world. 但原文第二段第一行提到:Unique to this region, stepwells are often architecturally complex and vary widely in size and shape. 梯井是该地区独一无二的,建造复杂,且形状各异。题目说可以在世界各地找到明显与原文构成冲突,所以该题选False。
2. 题目定位词为function和water collection,定位句为第一段的最后一句:However, the significance of this invention-the stepwell-goes beyond utilitarian application. 梯井这项发明的重要意义远超过其实用功能,所以答案为True。
3. 题目定位词为Delhi,考点词为more attractive,但原文当中并没有将delhi的梯井与其他地方的进行比较,所以这题为Not Given。
4. 原文当中没有信息,所以答案为Not Given。
5. 题目定位词为the number of steps,water level,考点词为alter,回原文定位到第三段:When the water level was high,the user needed only to descend a few steps to reach it;when it was low, several levels would have to be negotiated. 当水位高的时候,使用者只需下降几步就能够到,但是低的时候,需要再多下降几步。题目说the number of steps会变化,所以答案为True。
 
5-7 短问答
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
5. Which part of some stepwells provided shade for people?
6. Which type of serious climatic event, which took place in southern Rajasthan, is mentioned in the article?
7. Who are frequent visitors to stepwells nowadays?
 
解析:5. 定位词为shade,可定位到原文第四段:they also included pavilions that sheltered visitors from the relentess heat,意思为梯井中的帐篷,保护旅游者免受酷热。shelter...from heat与shade构成替换,所以答案为pavillion。
6. 定位词为southern Rajasthan,定位到18页第二行:Southern Rajasthan suffered an eight-year drought between 1996 and 2004. 南部的Rajasthan在1996-2008年经历了八年的干旱。题目问的是恶劣天气,所以填drought。
7. 通过visitors和nowadays,定位到文章最后一段:Tourists flock to wells in far-flung corners of north-western India to gaze in wonder at these architectual marvels from hundreds of years ago.
旅游者蜂拥至在印度西北部遥远角落的梯井,为了欣赏这些几百年的建筑奇迹。所以答案填Tourists。
 
表格填空题
Choose ONR WORD AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
Stepwell Date Features Other notes
Rani Ki Vav Late 11th century As many as 500 sculptures decorate the monument Restored in the 1960s
Excellent condition despite the 9 of 2001
Surya Kund 1026 Steps on the 10 produce a geometrical pattern
Carved shrines
Looks more like a 11 than a well.
Raniji Ki Baori 1699 Intricately carved monument One of 21 baoris in the area commissioned by Queen Nathavatiji
Chand Baori 850 AD Steps take you down 11 storyes to the bottom Old, deep and vary dramatic
Has 12 which provide a view of the steps
Neemrana Ki Baori 1700 Has two 13 levels Used by public today's
 
解析:9. 通过2001回原文定位,定位到18页第二段倒三行:Incredibly, in January 2001, this ancient structure survived an earthquake. 意思是:难以置信的是,这个原始的结构竟然在2011年1月的地震中保存下来,所以答案为earthquake。
10. 通过Surya Kund和geometrical pattern回原文定位,可定位到18页第四段倒数第五行:including four sides of steps that descend to the bottom in a stunning geometrical formation. 四面的楼梯从上往下以几何形式排列。题目问的是什么地方的楼梯构成了几何形式,所以答案为four sides。
11. 通过well和like回原文定位,定位到18页第四段正数第五行:It actually resembles a tank rather than a well。题目中的like和resemble构成替换,所以该题答案为tank,意思是缸。
12. 通过Chand Baori和view回原文定位,定位到18页倒数第三段的最后一句,On the fourth side, verandas which are supported by ornate pillars overlook the steps。在第四面,由华丽柱子支撑的走廊可以俯瞰整个楼梯。题目中的provide a view与原文的overlook构成替换,所以该题答案为verandas。
13. 通过Neemrana Ki Baori和two回原文定位,定位到倒数第二段正数第四行,with the last two being underwater. 有最后两层是在水下的,所以该题为underwater。
 
以上便是环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST1 PASSAGE1阅读解析,希望能为雅思考生们带来帮助。如需了解更多零基础学雅思的相关信息,欢迎拨打环球雅思的免费咨询热线021-33312283进行咨询,或者点击环球雅思官方网站页面的“在线咨询”与上海环球雅思名师直接对话,上海雅思培训机构,请关注环球雅思

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