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剑桥雅思10TEST3 PASSAGE3阅读解析

2015-09-09 09:24| 来源:未知 | 点击量:

摘要: 今天环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST3 PASSAGE3阅读解析,希望可以帮助广大雅思考生轻松备考雅思。
今天环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST3 PASSAGE3阅读解析,希望可以帮助广大雅思考生轻松备考雅思。更多雅思备考信息,请关注上海雅思培训
剑桥雅思10真题
1. 难度分析:中等偏难(难:选择题)
2. 文章标题:Beyond the blue horizon
3. 文章话题:历史地理类
4. 词汇准备:

第一段 词性 解释
archaeological adj. 考古学的
seafaring adj. 航海的
ancestor n. 祖先
plantation n. 种植园
derelict adj. 废弃了的
cemetery n. 墓地、公墓
scrape v. 刮、擦
remain(s) n. 残骸
第二段    
pioneer n. 先锋
livestock n. 家畜
rove v. 流浪
stretch v. 伸展、展开、延伸
第三段    
clue n. 线索
burial urn n. 骨灰瓮
uncover v. 发现
conclusively adv. 令人信服地、确凿地
identify v. 识别
第四段    
puzzling adj. 伤脑筋的
anthropology n. 人类学
migration n. 迁徙
represent v. 代表
descendant n. 后代、后裔
第五段    
stubborn adj. 顽固的、棘手的
equivalent adj. 与……相当的、相等的
canoes n. 独木舟
rigging n. 绳索、装备
oral adj. 口头的、口述的
insight n. 洞悉
第六段    
mariner n. 海员
archipelago n. 群岛
horizon n. 地平线
distinguish v. 区分、区别
第七段    
thrust n. 猛冲、推力
prevailing adj. 主要的、盛行的
nagging adj. 挑剔的、使人不得安宁的
swift adj. 迅速的
detect v. 查明、发觉到
twig n. 细树枝
indicate v. 象征、暗示
第八段    
overshooting n. 言过其实
intervisible adj. 可通视的
backstop n. 增援
第九段    
presuppose v. 预设、预先假定
prehistory n. 史前时期
第十段    
El Niño n. 厄尔尼诺现象
disruption n. 分裂、瓦解
scatter v. 散布、散播
coral n. 珊瑚、珊瑚礁
expansion n. 扩张
reverse v. 使……反转
第十一段    
quit v. 离开、放弃
thinly adv. 稀疏地、勉强地
venture v. 冒险、前进
emptiness n. 空白、空虚
encounter v. 遇见、邂逅
 
5. 答案解析:
27 通过Pacific island of Éfaté; 定位到文章第一段。通过3,000-year-old定位到句’An agricultural worker, digging in the grounds of a derelict plantation, scraped open a grave-the first of dozens in a burial ground some 3,000 years old.’,发现该句中derelict是题目中abandoned的同义替换,都用来修饰plantation,因此答案选B
 
28 通过agricultural worker和cemetery可定位到文章第一段。读题发现第一段第一句’An important archaeological discovery on the island of Éfaté in the Pacific archipelago of Vanuatu...’中important是题目significant的同义替换,修饰archaeological discovery,因此答案选F
 
29 根据题号顺序原则,并通过tools定位到第二段中’They were also pioneers who carried with them everything that would need to build new lives- their livestock, taro seedlings and stone tools.’从中发现除了tool之外还带了livestock和seedlings,而livestock和题目中选项animals为同义替换,因此答案选I
 
30 通过人名Spriggs定位到第三段It’s an important discovery,’ says Matthew Spriggs, professor of archaeology at the Australian National University... 根据分析得出文中it即是important修饰的对象。对比原文发现it指的是前文中的 a Lapita burial urn,所以答案选G
 
31 与上一题紧密关联。Spriggs后面还说了’...says Matthew Spriggs, professor... , ‘for it conclusively identifies the remains as Lapita.’ ’此句表示remains就是Lapita,而remains和选项中的bones为同义替换,因此答案选D
 
32 通过题号顺序原则及accomplish定位到第五段发现’There is one stubborn question for which archaeology has yet to provide any answers: how did the Lapita accomplish the ancient equivalent of a moon landing, many times over? No-one has found one of their canoes or any rigging, which could reveal how the canoes were sailed.’ 其中stubborn是difficulties的同义替换,to provide any answers即explaining how...因此定位成功。文中发现原因是no-one has found one of their canoes以及nor do the oral histories and traditions of later Polynesians offer any insights即没发现独木舟实物也没有口述的历史信息传承下来,即little information can be relied on,因此答案为C
 
33 通过题目所示the sixth paragraph定位到第六段,发现’Those sailing skills, he says, were developed...’其中developed对应题目的extraordinary。原文中又说’Those sailing skills... through the archipelagoes of the western Pacific, making short crossings to nearby islands.’所以sailing skills指的就是选项中的A
 
34 通过题目所示the seventh paragraph定位到第七段,找到this指代的对象’This is what would have made the whole thing work.’ 在这里this指的是之前的’if they didn’t find anything, they could turn about and catch a swift ride back on the trade winds.’ ‘turn about’及’back’即题目中的’return home’,因此答案选D
 
35 通过题目所示the eighth paragraph定位到第八段,发现原文说’the geography of their own archipelagoes would have provided a safety net.’又说’... forming a backstop for mariners riding the trade winds home.’ safety和backstop都表示其是一种aid,因此答案选C
 
36 通过prevailing trade winds定位到第七段’The Lapita’s thrust into the Pacific was eastward, against the prevailing trade winds’原文说against而题目中是sail into,完全相反,因此选NO
 
37 通过climate定位到第10段,’El Niño, the same climate disruption that affects the Pacific today, may have helped scatter the Lapita,’。这里的climate disruption对应题目extreme climate conditions;help对应play a role;scatter对应migration。所以答案为YES
 
38 通过El Niño定位到第十段’El Niños’ might have taken the Lapita on long unplanned voyages’这里只说到the Lapita might have been taken by El Niños,并未提到learn to predict因此答案为NOT GIVEN
 
39 通过题号原则及’across the Pacific’定位到最后一段,发现 ‘then called it quits for reasons known only to them.’这里’called it quits’对应题目中的’halted’ ;’for reasons known only to them’对应题目中’it remains unclear’。因此选YES
 
40 通过题号原则及’Fiji’定位到最后一段’they encountered hundreds of islands- more than 300 in Fiji alone.’只提到了碰到的光是斐济的岛超过300,但未提及’the majority of Lapita settled...’因此选NOT GIVEN

以上便是环球雅思阅读教研组为雅思考生们倾力奉献剑桥雅思10TEST3 PASSAGE3阅读解析,预祝雅思考生们考出理想的成绩!如需了解更多雅思学习的相关信息,欢迎拨打环球雅思的免费咨询热线021-33312283进行咨询,或者点击环球雅思官方网站页面的“在线咨询”与上海环球雅思名师直接对话。雅思学习网站,请关注环球雅思

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