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剑桥雅思8听力下载Test2Section4

2014-03-19 20:09| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 剑桥雅思8听力下载Test2Section4
剑桥雅思8听力下载Test2Section4

 本篇真题听力下载地址

剑桥雅思8听力真题
剑桥雅思8听力真题


名师点题剑桥雅思8听力:
 
SECTION 4
谈话场景 :授课
人物关系 :老师
谈话话题 :研究英国人对医生的看法

名师点题剑桥雅思8听力:
 
交际与语言表达
 
1. 本段文章的主题是研究英国人对医生的看法,并将他们的看法与其他几个国家的情况进行 比较(comparing this with the situation in a couple of countries)。compare...with... 意为“与...相比”;compare A to B 意为“将 A 比作 B”。
 
2. I had to set up my programme of research in three countries so I approached postgraduates in my field in overseas departments(我在三个不同的国家设立了研究项目,同时与海外部 门相关领域的研究生联系)。set up 意为“设立,建立”,单词 establish 也表达类似的意思。approach 既可作动词,也可作名词,此处它是动词,意为“联系”。
 
3. I though I would have trouble recruiting help but in fact everyone was very willing and sometimes their tutors got involved, too.(我起初还担心很难找到帮手,但是实际上每个研 究生都很积极,有时候他们的导师还参与其中。)have trouble (in) doing sth. 意为“做某事 有麻烦,有困难”。be/get involved in 意为“参与”,表达相似意思的短语还有 take part in/ be participated in。
 
4. With the questionnaire, rather than limiting it to one specific point, I wanted to include as much variety as possible.(使用调查问卷,而不是仅局限于某个特定的点,如此便可以尽 可能包括不同的类型。)rather than 意为“而非,而不是”。 as ... as possible 意为“尽可能...”, 如 :as soon as possible意为“尽快”,可简写为ASAP;as much/many as possible意为“尽可能的多”。
 
 
5. At the moment it looks as if, in the UK, despite the fact the newspapers continually report that people are unhappy with medical care, in fact, it is mainly the third level of care, which takes place in hospitals, that they are worried about.(目前在英国,虽然报纸持续报道人们 不满意医疗服务,实际上只有发生在医院的第三层护理才是人们担心的。)at the moment 意为“现在”,相当于 now。despite 是介词,意为“尽管,虽然”,in spite of 也表示同样 的意思,后面接短语。be unhappy with 意为“对...不高兴 ;对...不满意”,等同于 be un- satisfied with。此处有一个强调句型,it is ... that ...,which 引导非限定性定语从句,修饰 the third level of care。take place 意为“发生”,相当于 happen。
 
6. Certainly I will need to do more far-reaching research than I had anticipated in order to es- tablish if people want extra medical staff invested in the community, or if they want care to revert to fewer, but larger, key medical units.(当然,我还需要做比预计中要多的意义深远 的研究,以此确认人们到底是想要在社区中投资更多的医护人员,还是希望到那些比较 少的,但是规模较大、重要的医疗单位就医)。more... than... 是一个明显的比较级 ;in order to 意为“目的是...,旨在,为了”;establish 在此处意为“使确信”,它还有“建立, 确立,制定”的意思。
 
 
7. But I was taken aback and rather concerned that something I thought I’d set up very well didn’t necessarily seem that way to everyone in my own department.(但是我很惊讶,也很 担心我之前的美好设计对我们部门的其他人来说未必如此。)take aback 意为“非常吃惊”, 相当于 very surprised。

名师点题剑桥雅思8听力:
 
考题解析
 
Question 31 答案 B
听前预测 :定位词为 set up...research programme,选项关键词分别为 advice...friend、help... students、information...tutor。
题目解析 :本题容易定位,出题句为 ...I approached postgraduates in my field in overseas departments。注意区分选项的关键词,正确答案为 B。
 
Question 32 答案 B
听前预测 :定位词为 people、include,选项关键词分别为 young people...first job、men... working、women...unemployed。
题目解析 :本题要注意区分干扰信息,如选项 A 通过原文 under 18 should be excluded 可以排 除 ;选项 C 通过原文 for employed women 可以排除。真正的出题句为 I decided at this stage just to focus on men who were in employment,故正确答案为 B。
 
Question 33 答案 A
听前预测 :定位词为 questionnaire、aim,选项关键词分别为 wide range...data、limit... responses、interviews。
题目解析 :本题容易定位出题句,注意 rather than limiting it to one specific point, I wanted to include as much variety as possible 这句话的重点是在强调 include as much variety as possible, 而 limiting it to one specific point 为干扰信息,故选项 B 为干扰答案。原文中的 as much variety as 对应选项 A 中的 a wide range of,所以 A 为正确答案。
 
Question 34 答案 A
听前预测 :定位词为 initial results、medical services、Britain,选项关键词分别为 misrepresented...press、financial issues...government、reforms...hospitals...unsuccessful。
题目解析 :本题定位不难,但出题句较长并结构复杂。原文说 despite the fact that newspapers continually report that people are unhappy with medical care, in fact it is mainly the third level of care, which takes place in hospitals, that they are worried about(虽然报纸持续报道人们不满意 医疗服务,实际上只有发生在医院的第三层护理才是人们担心的),言外之意是媒体误传了信 息,故正确答案为 A。
 
Question 35 答案 C
听前预测 :定位词为 further research,选项关键词分别为 government...findings、extra funding、 preferences of the public。
题目解析 :原文中 far-reaching research 对应题干的 further research,出题句为 in order to establish if people want extra medical staff invested in the community, or if they want care to revert to fewer, but larger, key medical units(为了确认人们到底是想要在社区中投资更多的 医护人员,还是希望到那些比较少的,但是规模较大、重要的医疗单位就医)。其中 establish 意为“确认”,revert to 意为“恢复(状态)”,medical unit 意为“医疗单位”,故正确答案为 C“确认大众的需求”。
 
Question 36 答案 C
听前预测 :定位词为 research project,选项关键词分别为 plan projects carefully、people...not like answering、colleagues...not always agree。
题目解析 :本题难度较大,注意 but 之后为出题句 something didn’t necessarily seem that way to everyone in my own department(对于有些事情,并非我们部门的每个人想法都一样),故 选项 C 为正确答案。
 
Questions 37-40
听前预测:配对题的做题步骤和方法为:
(1)确定主题为“评论”配“人物”;
(2)分别找出选项和题目的关键词,选项关键词分别为false data、stop participating、refused...tell... job、change minds、angry、worried...confidentiality ;题 目关键词分别为person...street, undergraduate, colleague, tutor ;
(3)文章按照题号顺序读题,重点关注选项的同义替换。
 
Question 37 答案 B
题目解析 :本题题干的同义替换为 one of the subjects who I had approached while he was out shopping in town。听到这句话后,要重点关注后面信息 decided to pull out when it came to the second round(第二轮时决定退出),其中 pull out 意为“退出”,the second round 意为
“第二轮”,对应选项 B“决定停止参与”。
 
Question 38 答案 F
题目解析 :本题题干同义替换为 one of the fist-year students,出题句为 wanted reassurance that no names would be traceable from the answers,其中 no name、traceable 对应选项 F was worried about confidentiality“担忧保密性”。
 
Question 39 答案 D
题目解析 :本题题干同义替换为 one of the people that I work with, 出题句为 ...one minute he said he’d do it, then the next day he wouldn’t, and in the end he did do it...。本题难度不大,很 容易判定出题句对应选项 D“对是否参与一直在变换主意”。
 
Question 40 答案 C
题目解析 :本题题干同义替换为 a teacher,出题句为 he wouldn’t tell me exactly what his work involved(他没有明确地告诉我他的工作),从而可以判定出题句对应选项 C refused to tell Shona about their job。
 

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