来源：环球雅思 | 点击量：次
摘要： 为大家带来上海环球雅思老师辛苦整理的雅思真题词汇详解Word List2，希望对大家的单词记忆更加有趣，更有帮助！
The port city provides a fascinating and rich understanding of the movement of people and goods around the world.
【释】 if someone or something fascinates you，you are attracted to them and think they are extremely interesting
【派】 v. fascinate; a. fascinated; n. fascination
【例】 The book contains a fascinating portrait of life. 本书包含着对生活的生动写照。
【释】 a group of people who share the same ideas or beliefs and who work together to achieve a particular aim
【用】 movement to do sth.; movement for
【例】 The Trade Union Movement works to get much higher salary. 工会运动旨在争取更高的工资。
It gauges the pollution from a passing vehicle.
gauge n.计量器，标准度量 v.估计（美国英语：gage）
【释】 an instrument for measuring the size or amount of something; to make judgement about sth.
【例】 the petrol gauge汽油表
【释】 a machine usually with wheels and an engine, which is used for transporting people or goods on land, particularly on roads
【用】 vehicle for sth.
【例】 automotive vehicle 自动车辆
No attempt was made to place a division in the programme that would best fit its habitual methods of supervision used by the manager, assistant managers, supervisors and assistant supervisors to solve the problems.
【释】 doing something from habit, and unable to stop doing it; usual or repeated
【派】 ad. habitually
【例】 Excessive or habitual indulgence in alcoholic liquor is harmful to people’s health.过度酗酒或习惯性地大量饮酒对人体健康有害。
【释】 when you supervise someone or something; when someone watches a person or activity and makes certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.
【用】 under sb.’s supervision
【例】 supervision of financial discipline 金融监察
assistant manager 助理经理
【释】 someone who supervises a person or activity
【派】 a. supervisory
【例】 Purchasing Supervisor采购主管
Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. (CME) has approximately 200 technology employees and approximately 100 consultants working on more than 300 technology.
mercantile n.商品 a.贸易的，商业的
【释】 related to trade or business; concerned with trade
【例】 a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services 一个零售商品或服务的商业机构
Hollywood settled upon the novel-length narrative that remains the dominant cinematic convention of today.
【释】 relating to films / cinema
【派】 n. cinema
【例】 He is trying to capture a poem in a cinematic visual.他正试着用电影画面来传达一首诗。
【释】 a large formal meeting for people who belong to the same profession or organization or who have the same interests
【派】 a. conventional
【用】 by convention; convention on
【例】 The town’s new convention center is located in the new district. 城市的新会议中心坐落在新区中。
Deeply religious people obediently accepted the supreme authority of their pharaohs.
【释】 always doing what you are told to do, or what the law, a rule etc. says you must do
【派】 n. obedience; a. obedient
【用】 obedient to
【例】 Residents must be obedient to the law. 居民必须服从法律。
supreme authority 最高权力，权威
【释】 a ruler of ancient Egypt; the title of a king of ancient Egypt
Just in case some are still lively, bees can be pacified with a few puffs of smoke blown into each hive’s narrow entrance.
【释】 to make someone calm, quiet, and satisfied after they have been angry or upset
【用】 pacify with
【例】 Jim allowed himself to be pacified with this arrangement. 杰姆作出妥协接受了这一安排。
【释】 to breathe quickly and with difficulty after the effort of running, carrying something heavy etc.
【用】 puff at; puff on; puff away
【例】 Don’t puff smoke into my face! 别往我脸上吐烟！
hive n.蜂房，蜂箱（= beehive）
【释】 a small box where bees are kept, or the bees that live in this box; a structure where bees live, especially a beehive, or the group of bees living there
【例】 a honeycomb; a hive 蜂巢
She cites both quantitative and qualitative studies that show increased productivity for part-time workers.
【释】 relating to amounts rather than to the quality or standard of something
【派】 ad. quantitatively
【用】 quantitative data / analysis
【例】 quantitative analysis定盘分析
【释】 relating to the quality or standard of something rather than the quantity
【派】 ad. qualitatively
【用】 qualitative analysis / study
【例】 qualitative change 质变
【释】 the rate at which goods are produced, and the amount produced, especially in relation to the work, time, and money needed to produce them
【派】 n. product / production; v. produce; a. productive
【用】 improve / increase / raise productivity
【例】 There have been tremendous increases in agricultural productivity. 农业生产率已得到极大提高。
The accepted golden standard of evidence is a randomized control trial, in which a new drug is compared with the best existing therapy.
【释】 to choose things in a way that is not carefully controlled or planned in order to do a scientific test
【派】 a. random; ad. randomly
【例】 The numbers have been randomized. 号码被随机化了。
【释】 to examine or judge two or more things in order to show how they are similar to or different from each other
【派】 a. comparative; ad. comparatively
【用】 compared to / with sth.
【例】 The present cannot compare with the past. 今非昔比。
【释】 a treatment which helps someone feel better, grow stronger, etc., especially after an illness
【派】 n. therapist
【用】 a therapy for
【例】 oxygen therapy 氧气疗法
But by the time the sediment has come to rest in the fields and lagoons it is laden with municipal, industrial and agricultural waste.
【释】 a solid material that settles at the bottom of a liquid
【派】 a. sedimentary
【例】 White sediment was left when the water was dried. 水抽干后，留下白色的沉淀物。
【释】 a lake of sea water that is partly separated from the sea by rocks, sand, or coral
【例】 This area isolates a restricted lagoon environment. 这地区隔离起来，形成一个封闭的泻湖环境。
【释】 heavily loaded with something, or containing a lot of something
【用】 heavily / fully laden; laden with
【例】 His voice was soft，yet laden with threat. 他的声音柔和，但语气充满恐吓。
【释】 relating to or belonging to the government of a town or city
【派】 ad. municipally; n. municipality
【例】 municipal engineering projects 市政工程
Europe is simultaneously baking and freezing, and will continue to do so as a result of global warming, alarmists asserted in global media reports in November 2005.
【释】 things that are simultaneous happen at exactly the same time
【派】 a. simultaneous
【例】 The game will be broadcast simultaneously on TV. 比赛将在电视中直播。
baking n.烘培 a.烘烤的，灼热的
【释】 the process of cooking using dry heat in an oven
【例】 electric baking电热烘烤
global warming n.全球气候变暖
【释】 a general increase in world temperatures caused by increased amounts of carbon dioxide around the Earth
alarmist n. 危言耸听者，大惊小怪者，忧虑者 a. 骇人的
【释】 people who worry about dangers that do not really exist; causing unnecessary fear and anxiety
【例】 Man who worries about death is an alarmist. 担心死亡的人是杞人忧天。
【释】 to state firmly that something is true
【用】 assert that
【例】 They asserted that the boy was innocent. 他们断言那男孩是无辜的。
It is our belief that this improvement alone, while not tangibly measurable, has increased the ability of management to manage the effects of absenteeism more effectively since this study.
【释】 real or not imaginary; able to be shown, touched or experienced
【派】 a. tangible
【例】 The development of the economy has tangibly improved the lives of all people in China.经济发展显著改善了全中国居民的生活水平。
【释】 large or important enough to have an effect that can be seen or felt
【派】 ad. measurably
【例】 measurable by a common criteria 可用共同标准测量的
Developing countries in Asia could face an “unprecedented” water crisis within a decade due to mismanagement of water resources.
【释】 never having happened before, or never having happened so much
【派】 ad. unprecedentedly
【用】 unprecedented in
【例】 China’s tertiary industry is developing at an unprecedented rate. 中国的第三产业正以空前的速度发展。
【释】 a situation that has reached an extremely difficult or dangerous point; a time of great disagreement, uncertainty or suffering
【派】 n. crises (pl.)
【例】 He suffered enormous loss in the financial crisis. 他在经济危机时遭受了巨大的损失。
【释】 a period of 10 years
【例】 Just now he told me the greatest scientific achievement of the decade.他刚才给我讲了这十年来最伟大的科学成就。
due to 因为，由于
【释】 because of something
【例】 Her successes were largely due to good luck. 她的成功主要靠运气。
【释】 if someone mismanages something they are in charge of, they deal with or manage it badly
【派】 v. mismanage
【例】 This has mainly been caused by the mismanagement of the world’s resources.这主要是由对世界资源管理不善引起的。
The NAVHDAGA (North American Versatile Hunting Dog Association) is a legally recognized nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving, improving and promoting versatile hunting dogs by sponsoring training and testing programs throughout North America.
【释】 able to change easily from one activity to another or able to be used for many different purposes
【派】 n. versatility
【例】 a very versatile player 一名多才多艺的演员
sponsor v.发起，赞助 n.保证人，赞助者
【释】 v. to support a person，organization or activity by giving money, encouragement or other help; n. a person who gives support
【用】 sponsor of
【例】 sponsor a TV show 赞助一个电视节目
Do they have enough in common to warrant distinguishing them from other kinds of cities?
warrant n.理由，根据 v.保证，担保
【释】 a legal document that is signed by a judge, allowing the police to take a particular action; v. to give warrant
【用】 warrant for
【例】 The boss warranted the goods. 老板为这批货做了担保。
The whole-language theory holds that children learn to read best by absorbing contextual clues from texts.
【释】 to take something in, especially gradually; to understand facts or ideas completely and remember them
【派】 a. absorbed / absorbing / absorbent; n. absorbency / absorption
【用】 absorbe in / into
【例】 So many good ideas! It’s too much for me to absorb all at once. 这么多好主意！实在太多了，很难一下子完全吸收。
【释】 related to the context
【派】 ad. contextually; n. context; v. contextualize
【例】 Contextual clues can help one to find the meaning. 上下文所提供的线索有助于人们理解文章内容。
clue n.线索 v.为……提供线索
【释】 to give sb. the most recent information about sth.
【派】 a. clueless
【用】 clue sb. in (on sth.)
【例】 He’s just clued me in on the latest developments. 他刚给我提供了最新的进展情况。
When an LGVs batteries run low, it will take itself off line and go to the nearest battery maintenance point for replacement batteries.
【释】 a device that produces electricity to provide power for radios, cars, etc.
【例】 My car battery has run down. 我汽车上的电池用完了。
【释】 to continue to have; to keep in existence, or not allow to become less
【派】 v. maintain
【例】 He had to work hard for the maintenance of his family. 他为了养家不得不去拼命工作。
【释】 taking the place of something, or to put something or someone in the place of something or someone else
【派】 v. replace; a. replaceable
【用】 replacement for
【例】 We need a replacement for the secretary who left. 我们需要一个人代替已离职的秘书。
All deaths from cancer clearly represent the most important preventable cause of cancer.
【释】 a serious disease that is caused when cells in the body grow in a way that is uncontrolled and not normal, killing normal cells and often causing death
【派】 a. cancerous
【例】 She was diagnosed with cancer. 她被诊断出患了癌症。
【释】 able to be prevented
【派】 v. prevent; n. prevention; a. preventive
【例】 Are most accidents preventable? 大多数意外是可以避免的吗？