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剑桥雅思词汇详解:Word List9

2014-01-13 11:44| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 继List7之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List9,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!
继List8之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List9,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!

In the marketing of their campaign, there are shrewd and skilful image-builders.
在他们的营销活动中,有精明和熟练的形象塑造者。
 
shrewd  a.精明的
【释】 good at judging what people or situations are really like
【派】 ad. shrewdly; n. shrewdness
【例】 She was a shrewd businesswoman. 她是一个精明的商人。
 
image-builder  n.形象塑造者
【例】 A good agent should be a good image-builder. 好的经纪人应该是一个好的形象塑造者。
 
Employees in either food or beverage or housekeeping departments can be found easily.
饮食与家政服务部门的员工随处可见。
 
beverage  n.饮料
【释】 any type of drink except water
【例】 Would you like some soft beverage? 要点软饮料吗?
 
Lack of clarity in the role of the focal person can cause insecurity, lack of confidence, irritation and even anger among members of his role set.
焦点人物由于缺少透明度,容易感到危险、不自信、易怒,甚至对他的角色群中的成员吆三喝四。
 
clarity  n.清楚,透明,明晰
【释】 the quality of being expressed clearly
【派】 v. clarify; n. clarification
【例】 The contract is lack of clarity in the law. 这份合同缺少法律的明确性。
 
insecurity  n.不安全,不牢靠;局促不安,心神不定
【释】 not safe or protected
【派】 a. insecure; ad. insecurely
【例】 When I was at home alone, I was always having feelings of insecurity. 一个人在家的时候,我总是感觉不安全。
 
irritation  n.激怒,恼怒,生气
【释】 state of being annoyed by sb., esp. by sth. you continuously do or by sth. that continuously happens
【派】 v. irritate; a. irritating / irritated; ad. irritatingly
【用】 irritation at / with
【例】 Tom could not hide his irritation that he had not been invited to the Christmas party. 因为未被邀请参加圣诞聚会,汤姆无法掩饰内心的愤怒。
 
The assessment of clerical workers must consider factors such as quality of work performed.
考评文书人员主要看员工的工作绩效等因素。
 
clerical  a.书记的,事务上的,抄写员的
【释】 connected with office work
【派】 n. clerk
【例】 We should recruit some clerical assistants to finish the proof-reading.我们应该招聘一些文书人员来完成这些校对工作。
 
perform  v.执行;表演
【释】 to do sth., such as a piece of work, task or duty
【派】 n. performance / performer
【例】 The operation has not been performed m this hospital ever since.这家医院从来没有做过这类手术。
 
This odd climatic phenomenon was accused of wrecking tourism, causing allergies, melting the ski-slopes and causing 22 deaths.
这种异常的天气破坏了旅游业,导致很多人过敏、滑雪道融化及22人死亡。
 
climatic  a.气候上的
【释】 connected with the weather of a particular area
【派】 n. climate / climatology; ad. climatically
【例】 Nowadays climatic changes are often in an odd way. 现今气候变化无常。
 
phenomenon  n.现象
【释】 something that happens or exists in society, science, or nature, especially something that is studied because it is difficult to understand
【派】 n. phenomena (pl.)
【用】 phenomenon of; social / historical / natural phenomenon
【例】 Language is a cultural phenomenon. 语言是一种文化现象。
 
accuse  v.责备,控告
【释】 to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad
【派】 n. accusation
【用】 accuse of
【例】 He accused her of stealing his handphone. 他控告她偷了他的手机。
 
wreck  vt.破坏;造成……失事
【释】 to completely spoil something so that it cannot continue in a successful way
【派】 a. wrecked
【例】 It was her husband’s drink that wrecked their marriage.她丈夫嗜酒,这破坏了他们的婚姻。
 
allergy  n.敏感症;反感,厌恶
【释】 a medical condition in which you become ill or in which your skin becomes red and painful because you have eaten or touched a particular substance
【派】 a. allergic
【用】 allergy to
【例】 Tom has an allergy to cats and pollen. 汤姆对猫和花粉过敏。
 
Clark Hull devised a test for children that was explicitly based on Clark Hull’s principles.
克拉克•赫尔为孩子设计了一个测试,该测试很明确是以克拉克•赫尔理论为基础的。
 
devise  v.设计;想出
【释】 to plan or invent a new way of doing something
【例】 She devised a method for promotion. 她想出了一个促销的办法。
 
explicitly  ad.明确地
【释】 in a way that is very clear and direct
【派】 n. explicitness; a. explicit
【例】 The report states explicitly that the system was to blame. 报告明确指出问题出在制度上。
 
The emergent nation states of Europe developed competitive interests.
欧洲的新兴国家各有各的竞争利益。
 
emergent  a.新兴的;处于发展时期的
【释】 in the early stages of existence or development
【派】 v. emerge; n. emergence; a. emerging
【例】 She lives in the company in case of emergent tasks. 她住在公司,以防有紧急任务。
 
competitive  a.竞争的,比赛的
【释】 involving competition
【派】 n. competitiveness; ad. competitively
【例】 Our price of the goods are competitive. 我们的商品在价格上具有竞争优势。
 
The new world will largely depend on human creativity, and creativity flourishes where people come together face-to-face.
新世界需要人类的创造力,而只有当人们紧密团结起来时,创造力才会充分发挥出来。
 
flourish  v.繁荣,茂盛,活跃
【释】 to develop well and be successful; to grow well and be very healthy; to wave something in your hand in order to make people notice it
【派】 a. flourishing
【例】 According to the new policies, small businesses are flourishing. 由于新政策的实施,小型企业逐渐发展起来了。
 
Worse, below it was a not-very-firm glacial deposit hundreds of meters thick.
更糟的是,这下面有几百米的不坚固冰层。
 
glacial  a.冰的,冰川(期)的
【释】 relating to ice and glaciers, or formed by glaciers; a glacial look or expression is extremely unfriendly
【派】 n. glacier
【例】 The scientists were surprised by the glacial scenery of south polar. 科学家们被南极的冰川景象震惊了。
 
deposit  n.存款;定金;堆积物
【释】 a part of the cost of something you are buying that you pay some time before you pay the rest of it
【派】 n. depositor
【用】 deposit of; deposit in; deposit with
【例】 Mr. Smith paid a deposit on a house. 史密斯先生付了房子的定金。
 
They commented that they liked the holistic approach of their alternative therapist.
他们说,他们倾向于用综合替换治疗法进行治疗。
 
therapist  n.临床医学家
【释】 a specialist who treats a particular type of illness or problem, or who uses a particular type of treatment
【派】 n. therapy
【例】 He is a therapist who heals by the use of herbs. 他是使用草药治病的临床医学家。
 
From the earliest times, people have devised highly ingenious methods for conserving water where it is scarce.
远古时期在缺水时,人们蓄水的方式极具独创性。
 
ingenious  a.机灵的,有独创性的;足智多谋的
【释】 an ingenious plan, idea, or object works well and is the result of clever thinking and new ideas
【派】 ad. ingeniously; n. ingenuity
【例】 Many animals have ingenious ways of protecting their eggs from predators. 许多动物都有很独特的方法来保护它们的蛋不被猎食者所捕获。
 
scarce  a.缺乏的,不足的,稀少的,罕见的
【释】 if something is scarce, there is not very much of it available
【派】 n. scarcity; ad. scarcely
【例】 Food was often scarce in the rural areas. 通常农村食物不足。
 
So Jim concluded that they were incapable of deductive reasoning.
因此吉姆得出结论,他们没有能力进行演绎推理。
 
incapable  a.无能力的,不能的
【释】 not able to do something
【派】 n. incapability; ad. incapably
【用】 incapable of
【例】 He seemed incapable of understanding what the teacher said in the class. 他似乎无法理解老师上课时讲的东西。
 
In the early nineteenth century the British began to experiment with incendiary barrage rockets.
早在19世纪,英国就已经开始试验燃烧弹堰火箭。
 
incendiary  a.放火的;教唆的,煽动的
【释】 designed to cause a fire; an incendiary speech, piece of writing etc. is intended to make people angry
【派】 n. incendiarism
【例】 a song with incendiary lyrics 一首有教唆性歌词的歌曲
 
barrage  n.弹幕,掩护炮火
【释】 the continuous firing of guns, dropping of bombs etc., especially to protect soldiers as they move towards an enemy
【用】 a barrage of sth. = a great number of criticisms / complaints
【例】 We replied to the enemy’s attack with a barrage. 我军以密集火力阻击敌军的进攻。
 
It gives lexicographers access to a more vibrant, up-to-date vernacular language.
这给辞典编纂者提供了更加鲜活时新的方言词汇。
 
lexicographer  n.辞典编纂者
【释】 a compiler or writer of a dictionary
【派】 n. lexicography
 
vibrant  a.充满生机的,生气勃勃的
【释】 full of activity or energy in a way that is exciting and attractive
【派】 n. vibrancy; ad. vibrantly
【用】 vibrant with
【例】 Shanghai is a vibrant city. 上海是一个充满生机的城市。
 
vernacular  n.本土话,方言
【释】 a form of a language that ordinary people use, especially one that is not the official language
【例】 He decided to write the novel in the vernacular in order to reach a larger audience. 为了吸引更多读者,他决定用方言写小说。
 
Medication is regarded by many as a last resort and often takes the form of sleeping pills, normally benzodiazepines, which are minor tranquillizers.
很多人认为去医院治疗是最后一步棋,病人经常吃点安眠药,如苯二氨这样的轻度镇定剂来缓解病情。
 
medication  n.药物治疗,药物处理;医药
【释】 medicine or drugs given to people who are ill
【派】 a. medical
【用】 be on medication (for sth.)
【例】 He’s on medication for high blood pressure. 他正在吃药治疗高血压。
 
benzodiazepine  苯二氮
【释】 any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
 
tranquillizer  n.镇定剂
【释】 a drug used for making someone feel less anxious
 
Some plants reach maximal photosynthesis at one-quarter full sunlight, and others, like sugarcane, never reach a maximum.
有些植物在1/4充分光照时,达到光合作用的最大值,其他植物比如甘蔗的光合作用就永远不会到达最高点。
 
photosynthesis  n.光合作用
【释】 synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)
 
sugarcane  n.甘蔗
【释】 juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
 
maximum  n.极点,极大,最大 a.最高的,最大极限的
【释】 being the largest amount or number allowed or possible
【派】 n. maxima / maximums (pl); v. maximize
【用】 maximum of
【例】 The stereo was turned up to maximum volume. 音响被调到了最大音量。
 
For the beekeeper, the pollination season begins in February.
对于养蜂人来说,授粉季节从二月份开始。
 
pollination   n.授粉
【释】 to give a flower or plant pollen so that it can produce seeds
【派】 v. pollinate; n. pollen
【例】 Bees play an important part in the process of pollination.蜜蜂在花儿授粉过程中起了很重要的作用。
 
The psychiatrists felt that “most subjects would not go beyond 150 volts” and they further anticipated that only four percent would go up to 300 volts.
精神病医师认为大多数受试者不会超过150伏,他们还进一步预测,只有4%的受试者会使用高达300伏的电压。
 
psychiatrist  n.精神病医师,精神病学家
【释】 a physician who specializes in psychiatry
【派】 n. psychiatry
 
anticipate  v.预期,期待
【释】 to expect that something will happen and be ready for it; to think about something that is going to happen, especially something pleasant; to do something before someone else
【派】 n. anticipation
【用】 anticipate doing sth.; anticipate that
【例】 I didn’t anticipate having to do the washing myself! 我没想到要自己洗衣服。
 
A substantial proportion of the population of modem societies engages in such tourist practices.
现代城市中的大多数人都加入了这一旅游实战。
 
proportion  n.比例;均衡;部分
【释】 a part of a number or amount, considered in relation to the whole
【派】 a. proportional / proportioned; ad. proportionally
【用】 proportion of; proportion to; the proportion of sth. to sth.; in proportion to sth.
【例】 The proportion of fresh graduates has increased in recent years. 最近几年新毕业的学生人数越来越多。
 
engage  v.答应;预定;雇佣;订婚
【释】 to interest someone in something and keep them thinking about it
【派】 n. engagement
【用】 engage as; engage with; engage in / upon
【例】 To engage in the hunting of whales is illegal. 参与捕鲸活动是非法的。
 
You should answer the following questions: what is redundancy, and what are your rights if you’re made redundant, how should you consult.
你应该明白以下几个问题:什么是裁员,假如被裁员你有哪些权益,你如何去咨询。
 
redundancy  n.冗余,多余;裁员
【释】 a situation in which someone has to leave their job, because they are no longer needed; when something is not used because something similar or the same already exists
【派】 a. redundant
【例】 Three thousand workers now face redundancy. 3000名员工面临着裁员问题。
 
consult  v.商讨,向……请教,咨询
【释】 to get information or advice from a person, book, etc. with special knowledge on a particular subject
【派】 n. consultancy / consultant / consultation; a. consulting
【例】 You’d better consult a doctor at once. 你最好马上去看医生。
 
New discovery may revolutionize treatment for pain related to surgery, illness and injury.
新的发现对外科、疾病、受伤时的疼痛治疗有着革命性的意义。
 
surgery  n.外科;外科手术
【释】 the treatment of injuries or diseases in people or animals by cutting the body and removing or repairing the damaged part
【派】 a. surgical
【用】 surgery on
【例】 She is a plastic surgery specialist. 她是个整形外科医生。
 
injury  n.损害,伤害
【释】 physical harm or damage to someone’s body caused by an accident or an attack
【用】 injury to
【例】 Jim suffered serious injuries to the arms and legs. 吉姆的双臂和双腿严重受伤。
 
Employees who had been putting in 12-hour a day, six days a week, found their time on the job shrinking to 10 hours daily.
那些每天工作12小时,一周工作6天的员工发现他们的工作时间缩短到每天10小时。
 
shrink  v.收缩,退缩,萎缩
【释】 to become smaller, or to make something smaller, through the effects of heat or water; to become or to make something
【派】 n. shrinkage
【用】 shrink to; shrink from sth.
【例】 I’m worried about washing that skirt in case it shrinks. 我担心那条裙子洗过之后会缩水。
 
A slight shudder shook her frame, and she said, out of a dry throat, “God forgive me.”
一阵轻微的战栗掠过全身,她从干哑的嗓子挤出一句话:“上帝饶恕我吧”。
 
shudder  n./v.颤动,发抖
【释】 to shake suddenly with very small movements because of a very unpleasant thought or feeling
【用】 a shudder ran / went through sb.
【例】 The plane is shuddering and lurch in the most terrifying manner. 飞机在袋颤摇晃,真让人害怕。
 
The smoke is enough to produce substantial adverse effects on a person’s heart and lungs.
抽烟足以产生大量对人体心脏和肺不利的影响。
 
substantial  a.大量的;实质上的,有内容的
【释】 large in amount or number; considerable
【派】 ad. substantially
【例】 We have the support of a substantial number of residents. 我们赢得了很多居民的支持。
 
adverse  a.不利的
【释】 not good or favourable; having a negative or harmful effect on something
【派】 ad. adversely
【例】 They are afraid that it could have an adverse effect on global markets.他们担心这种行为会对国际市场产生不利的影响。
 
lung  n.肺
【释】 one of the two organs in your body that you breathe with
【例】 Smoking is harmful to lung.  吸烟对肺部有害。
 
Theoretically, in the world of trade, shipping costs is cheaper than others.
理论上讲,在世界贸易中,船运的价格相对便宜。
 
theoretically  ad.理论上
【释】 used to say what is supposed to be true in a particular situation, especially when the opposite is true
【派】 a. theoretical; n. theory
【例】 I’ll explain now it works theoretically. 我将解释它在理论上如何运作。
 
They also show that we may be underestimating the impact of these simple factors.
他们也表明,我们可能低估了这些简单因素的影响。
 
underestimate  n. / v. 低估
【释】 to think or guess that something is smaller, cheaper, easier etc. than it really is
【派】 v. estimate / overestimate; n. estimation
【用】 underestimate the importance / effect / power of sth.
【例】 Never underestimate your opponent. 千万不要低估对手。
 
impact  n.冲击,冲突;影响
【释】 the effect or influence that an event, situation etc. has on someone or something
【用】 impact on / upon; major / significant impact
【例】 We shouldn’t neglect its impact on climate change. 我们不应该忽略它对天气变化造成的影响。
 
In order to develop an economically viable hotel organization model, AHI decided to implement some new policies.
为了发展一个经济上可行的酒店管理模式,AHI决定实施新的政策。
 
viable  a.能养活的,能发育的;可行的
【释】 a viable idea, plan, or method can work successfully
【派】 n. viability; ad. viably
【用】 viable alternative / option; economically / financially viable
【例】 The panel came forward with one viable solution. 专家组想出一个可行的方案。
 
implement  vt.实现;执行,使……生效
【例】 to take action or make changes that you have officially decided should happen
【派】 n. implementation
【用】 implement a policy / plan / decision
【例】 We have decided to implement the committee’s plans in full. 我们决定充分实施委员会的方案。
 

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