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摘要： 继List11之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List12，希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢！
Turning the thermostat control and the steam button to maximum，hold the iron in a vertical position close to the fabric.
【释】 an instrument used for keeping a room or a machine at a particular temperature
vertical a.垂直的 n.垂直线
【释】 going straight up or down from a level surface or from top to bottom in a picture, etc.; having a structure in which there are top, middle, and bottom levels
【派】 ad. vertically
【例】 The cliff was almost vertical 那悬崖几乎是笔直的。
Parents might be at risk of transmitting a single-gene defect to any children that they conceive.
【释】 a part of a cell in a living thing that controls what it looks like, how it grows，and how it develops; people get their genes from their parents
【派】 a. genetic; ad. genetically
【例】 Genes are transmitted from one generation to another. 基因代代相传。
【释】 to develop an idea, to understand someone to become pregnant, or to cause a baby to begin to form; to form or develop in the mind
【用】 conceive of
【例】 Deer usually conceive in November. 鹿通常在十一月份怀胎。
Our ancestors had little use for actual numbers.
【释】 a person, plant, animal or object that is related to one existing at a later point in time
【派】 a. ancestral; n. ancestry
【例】 He is sprung from noble ancestor. 他出身名门。
There are plenty of anecdotes describing how glowworms have been used as emergency bicycle lamps.
【释】 a short often amusing story, especially about something someone has done
【派】 a. anecdotal
【例】 She told one or two amusing anecdotes about her years in UK.她讲了一两件在英国的趣事。
【释】 an unexpected and dangerous situation that must be dealt with immediately
【用】 in an emergency
【例】 The demonstration grew worse and the government declared a state of emergency.游行恶化，政府宣布进入紧急状态。
Such anticipation is constructed and sustained through a variety of non-tourist practices.
【释】 when you are expecting something to happen
【派】 v. anticipate; a. anticipatory
【用】 do sth. in anticipation of sth.
【例】 He waited in eager anticipation for Jim to arrive. 他急切等待吉姆的到来。
【释】 to make something continue to exist or happen for a period of time
【派】 a. sustainable; n. sustainability
【例】 She was incapable of sustaining relationships with her boyfriend. 她不能和她的男朋友再继续下去了。
The problem for biologists, psychologists and anthropologists is to find out two plausible explanations.
【释】 a scientist who studies biology
【派】 n. biology; a. biological; ad. biologically
【释】 a person who studies anthropology
【派】 n. anthropology; a. anthropological
【释】 reasonable and likely to be true or successful
【派】 ad. plausibly; n. plausibility
【例】 Her story certainly sounds plausible. 他的故事听起来合乎情理。
A comedian will present a situation followed by an unexpected interpretation that is also apt.
【释】 someone whose job is to tell jokes and make people laugh
【派】 n. comedy
【例】 His latest novel is described as a romantic comedy. 人们把他的最后一部小说称为浪漫喜剧。
【释】 the way in which someone performs a play, a piece of music etc.
【派】 a. interpretive
【例】 His skillful interpretation of this song is wonderful. 他对这首歌曲的演奏很精彩。
【释】 exactly right for a particular situation or purpose
【派】 ad. aptly
【例】 The words are apt and well chosen. 用词适当，并经缜密斟酌。
This commitment had now been clearly defined as the World Zoo Conservation Strategy, which based on an unrealistic optimism about the nature of the zoo industry.
【释】 a promise to do something or to behave in a particular way
【派】 v. commit; a. committed
【用】 commitment to
【例】 I would like to thank the staff for having shown such commitment. 我想感谢所有的员工给出的承诺。
【释】 the tendency to be hopeful and to emphasize the good part of a situation rather than the bad part; the belief that good things will happen in the future
【派】 n. optimist; a. optimistic; ad. optimistically
【用】 optimism for, optimism about
【例】 At the airport, she expressed optimism about the talks. 在机场，她对谈判持乐观态度。
Several comparable cases have been reported.
【释】 similar to something else in size, number, quality etc., so that you can make a comparison
【派】 n. comparability; v. compare
【用】 comparable with / to
【例】 His English is not bad, but it’s hardly comparable with yours. 他的英语不错，但是很难和你相比。
Building big commercial buildings underground can be a way to avoid disfiguring or threatening a beautiful or environmentally sensitive landscape.
【释】 to spoil the appearance that something naturally has
【派】 a. disfigured /disfiguring; n. disfigurement
【例】 Her face had been disfigured in a cosmetic accident.她的脸在一次化妆的意外事件中被毁坏了。
【释】 responsive to external conditions or stimulation; able to understand other people’s feelings and problems
【派】 ad. sensitively
【用】 sensitive to, sensitive about
【例】 Some people’s teeth are highly sensitive to freeze. 一些人的牙齿对冷非常敏感。
Amazingly, there is virtually no empirical evidence to support the use of illustrations in teaching reading.
【释】 based on scientific testing or practical experience, not on ideas
【派】 ad. empirically
【例】 Empirical studies show that some experienced mottos are extremely useful. 经验主义研究表明一些老的箴言是很有用的。
【释】 to make the meaning of something clearer by giving an example
【派】 v. illustrate; a. illustrative
【例】 The examples are included, by way of illustration. 例子已经有了，是以插图的形式出现的。
The key to fostering diversity is for people to learn their ancestral tongue.
【释】 to help a skill, feeling, idea etc. develop over a period of time
【例】 Concerts foster interest in music. 音乐会可以培养对音乐的兴趣。
【释】 inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent
【派】 n. ancestor / ancestry
【例】 My ancestral home is China. 中国是我的祖国。
She started gradually moving the feeding dish further and further away and noticed as he did so.
【释】 slowly，over a long period of time
【派】 a. gradual
【例】 Gradually, he lost his confidence. 他渐渐地失去了信心。
The color of metallic gold when it is dispersed very finely in water.
【释】 like metal in color, appearance, or taste
【例】 He bought a metallic bluejacket. 他买了一件金属蓝色的夹克。
【释】 to drive off or scatter in different directions
【例】 The strong wind dispersed the cloud from the sky. 大风吹散了天上的云。
Any individual in any situation occupies a role in relation to other people.
【释】 to have an official position; to live or stay in a place
【派】 a. occupied; n. occupation
【例】 To study maths occupied me a lot of time. 学数学占用我很多时间。
Distance therefore poses no obstacle to the globalization of the disk-drive industry.
【释】 to exist in a way that may cause a problem, danger, difficulty
【用】 pose for somebody / something
【例】 Pollution poses a threat to the continued existence of this animals. 污染对该种动物的继续生存造成了威胁。
【释】 something that makes it difficult to achieve something
【用】 obstacle to
【例】 Racial discrimination still has to overcome many obstacles to gain equality. 要想摆脱种族歧视获得平等，必须要克服很多的障碍。
【释】 the process of making something such as a business operate in a lot of different countries all around the world, or the result of this
【例】 This is the age of economic globalization. 这是经济全球化的吋代。
Those who felt in control of their lives pumped out lower levels of stress hormones such as cortical.
【释】 to make liquid or gas move in a particular direction, using a pump; come out quickly
【用】 pump sth. into sth.
【例】 Bleeding blood pumped from the wound. 伤口在喷血。
【释】 of, relating to or consisting of cortex
Could such a “caloric-restriction mimetic” enable people to stay healthy longer, postponing age-related disorders such as diabetes, arteriosclerosis, heart disease and cancer?
【释】 to change the date or time of a planned event or action to a later one
【派】 n. postponement
【用】 postpone doing something
【例】 The opening party was postponed until 9 o’clock. 开业宴请晚会推迟到9点举行。
【释】 a mental or physical illness which prevents part of your body from working properly
【用】 a disorder of the liver / brain / digestive system, a mental / psychiatric disorder, in disorder
【例】 people with mental disorders精神不正常的人
【释】 a medical condition, caused by a lack of INSULIN, which makes the patient produce a lot of URINE and feel very thirsty
【释】 a disease in which your arteries become hard, which makes it difficult for the blood to flow rehabilitate
Modem mines and significant resources are spent on rehabilitating mined land.
【释】 to return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living
【派】 n. rehabilitation
【例】 After 10 years in official disgrace, he’s been rehabilitated. 经过10年的官方限制，他现在又恢复了原来的名誉。
That would matter less if people applied the same degree of skepticism.
【释】 an attitude of doubting that particular claims or statements are true or that something will happen
【派】 a. skeptical
The suffragette movement, which campaigned for votes for women in the early twentieth century.
【释】 a woman who tried to gain the right to vote for women especially as a member of a group in Britain or the US in the early 20th century
【释】 to lead or take part in a series of actions intended to achieve a particular social or political result
【派】 n. campaigner
【用】 campaign for / against
【例】 The union leader campaigned hard against the measure to cut welfare benefits. 工会领导极力发起运动，反对削减福利的措施。
They found that minute crystals of nickel sulphide trapped inside the glass had almost certainly caused the failure.
【释】 a mixture of sulphur with another substance
【释】 to prevent something such as water, dirt, heat etc. from escaping or spreading; to catch in
【用】 be / feel trapped in; trap somebody into (doing) something
【例】 Ten miners were trapped underground. 10个矿工被困在地下。
The need to achieve sustainable development of energy resources, the way in which the resource is extracted, transported and used is critical.
【释】 able to continue without causing damage to the environment
【派】 v. sustain; n. sustainability
【例】 The government should do more to promote sustainable economy. 政府应该做更多地去促进经济可持续发展。
Topsoil in India and China is vanishing much faster than in America.
【释】 the upper level of soil in which most plants have their roots
This button activates a jet of cold water which allows you to iron out any unintentional creases.
【释】 not done or made or performed with purpose or intent
【派】 ad. unintentionally
【例】 It’s an unintentional mistake. 这是一个无心的错误。
【释】 a line on a piece of cloth, paper etc. where it has been folded，crushed, or pressed
【例】 I found my new dress full of crease. 我发现我的新连衣裙全皱了。
The most important thing is to tackle malicious computer hackers.
【释】 to try to deal with a difficult problem
【派】 n. tackier
【用】 tackle sb. about sth.
【例】 What’s the best way to tackle this problem? 解决这个问题的最好方法是什么？
【释】 very unkind and cruel, and deliberately behaving in a way that is likely to upset or hurt someone
【派】 ad. maliciously
【用】 malicious rumour / gossip / words
【例】 Who wrote these malicious words? 这些恶毒的文字是谁写的？