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剑桥雅思词汇详解:Word List12

2014-01-14 11:27| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 继List11之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List12,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!
继List11之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List12,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!

Turning the thermostat control and the steam button to maximum,hold the iron in a vertical position close to the fabric.
打开恒温控制器,把蒸气阀开到最大,把熨斗放到与织物垂直水平处。
 
thermostat  n.恒温器
【释】 an instrument used for keeping a room or a machine at a particular temperature
 
vertical  a.垂直的 n.垂直线
【释】 going straight up or down from a level surface or from top to bottom in a picture, etc.; having a structure in which there are top, middle, and bottom levels
【派】 ad. vertically
【例】 The cliff was almost vertical 那悬崖几乎是笔直的。
 
Parents might be at risk of transmitting a single-gene defect to any children that they conceive.
在怀孕时,父母有可能遗传给孩子单基因缺陷症。
 
gene  n.基因
【释】 a part of a cell in a living thing that controls what it looks like, how it grows,and how it develops; people get their genes from their parents
【派】 a. genetic; ad. genetically
【例】 Genes are transmitted from one generation to another. 基因代代相传。
 
conceive  v.怀孕;构思
【释】 to develop an idea, to understand someone to become pregnant, or to cause a baby to begin to form; to form or develop in the mind
【用】 conceive of
【例】 Deer usually conceive in November. 鹿通常在十一月份怀胎。
 
Our ancestors had little use for actual numbers.
我们的祖先很少使用真实的数字。
 
ancestor  n.祖宗,祖先
【释】 a person, plant, animal or object that is related to one existing at a later point in time
【派】 a. ancestral; n. ancestry
【例】 He is sprung from noble ancestor. 他出身名门。
 
There are plenty of anecdotes describing how glowworms have been used as emergency bicycle lamps.
有很多的奇闻轶事是描述萤火虫是如何被用来当作紧急自行车灯的。
 
anecdote  n.轶事,奇闻
【释】 a short often amusing story, especially about something someone has done
【派】 a. anecdotal
【例】 She told one or two amusing anecdotes about her years in UK.她讲了一两件在英国的趣事。
 
emergency  n.紧急情况,突发事件
【释】 an unexpected and dangerous situation that must be dealt with immediately
【用】 in an emergency
【例】 The demonstration grew worse and the government declared a state of emergency.游行恶化,政府宣布进入紧急状态。
 
Such anticipation is constructed and sustained through a variety of non-tourist practices.
这种预期是通过各种非旅游做法来建造和维持的。
 
anticipation  n.预期,预料
【释】 when you are expecting something to happen
【派】 v. anticipate; a. anticipatory
【用】 do sth. in anticipation of sth.
【例】 He waited in eager anticipation for Jim to arrive. 他急切等待吉姆的到来。
 
sustain  v.承受,支持,经受,维持
【释】 to make something continue to exist or happen for a period of time
【派】 a. sustainable; n. sustainability
【例】 She was incapable of sustaining relationships with her boyfriend. 她不能和她的男朋友再继续下去了。
 
The problem for biologists, psychologists and anthropologists is to find out two plausible explanations.
对于生物学家、心理学家和人类学家而言,找出两个合乎情理的解释是问题的关键。
 
biologist  n.生物学家
【释】 a scientist who studies biology
【派】 n. biology; a. biological; ad. biologically
 
anthropologist  n.人类学家
【释】 a person who studies anthropology
【派】 n. anthropology; a. anthropological
 
plausible  a.有道理的,可信的
【释】 reasonable and likely to be true or successful
【派】 ad. plausibly; n. plausibility
【例】 Her story certainly sounds plausible. 他的故事听起来合乎情理。
 
A comedian will present a situation followed by an unexpected interpretation that is also apt.
一个喜剧演员要能在出乎意料的情境中灵活演出。
 
comedian  n.喜剧演员
【释】 someone whose job is to tell jokes and make people laugh
【派】 n. comedy
【例】 His latest novel is described as a romantic comedy. 人们把他的最后一部小说称为浪漫喜剧。
 
interpretation  n.演出,艺术
【释】 the way in which someone performs a play, a piece of music etc.
【派】 a. interpretive
【例】 His skillful interpretation of this song is wonderful. 他对这首歌曲的演奏很精彩。
 
apt  a.灵巧的,灵敏的,适当的
【释】 exactly right for a particular situation or purpose
【派】 ad. aptly
【例】 The words are apt and well chosen. 用词适当,并经缜密斟酌。
 
This commitment had now been clearly defined as the World Zoo Conservation Strategy, which based on an unrealistic optimism about the nature of the zoo industry.
这一承诺已经明确定义为世界动物园保护策略,而这种策略是基于一种对动物园行业不切实际的乐观态度。
 
commitment  n.承诺;奉献,献身
【释】 a promise to do something or to behave in a particular way
【派】 v. commit; a. committed
【用】 commitment to
【例】 I would like to thank the staff for having shown such commitment. 我想感谢所有的员工给出的承诺。
 
optimism  n.乐观,乐观主义
【释】 the tendency to be hopeful and to emphasize the good part of a situation rather than the bad part; the belief that good things will happen in the future
【派】 n. optimist; a. optimistic; ad. optimistically
【用】 optimism for, optimism about
【例】 At the airport, she expressed optimism about the talks. 在机场,她对谈判持乐观态度。
 
Several comparable cases have been reported.
几个可比病例报告已经出来了。
 
comparable  a.可比较的,比得上的
【释】 similar to something else in size, number, quality etc., so that you can make a comparison
【派】 n. comparability; v. compare
【用】 comparable with / to
【例】 His English is not bad, but it’s hardly comparable with yours. 他的英语不错,但是很难和你相比。
 
Building big commercial buildings underground can be a way to avoid disfiguring or threatening a beautiful or environmentally sensitive landscape.
建设地下商业大厦是一个可以避免毁损或者威胁一个易受环境影响的地上景观的方法。
 
disfigure  vt.使丑陋,损毁(外貌)
【释】 to spoil the appearance that something naturally has
【派】 a. disfigured /disfiguring; n. disfigurement
【例】 Her face had been disfigured in a cosmetic accident.她的脸在一次化妆的意外事件中被毁坏了。
 
sensitive  a.敏感的
【释】 responsive to external conditions or stimulation; able to understand other people’s feelings and problems
【派】 ad. sensitively
【用】 sensitive to, sensitive about
【例】 Some people’s teeth are highly sensitive to freeze. 一些人的牙齿对冷非常敏感。
 
Amazingly, there is virtually no empirical evidence to support the use of illustrations in teaching reading.
令人惊讶的是,实际上没有经验证据去支持在阅读教学中使用插图。
 
empirical  a.经验主义的;经验证明的
【释】 based on scientific testing or practical experience, not on ideas
【派】 ad. empirically
【例】 Empirical studies show that some experienced mottos are extremely useful. 经验主义研究表明一些老的箴言是很有用的。
 
illustration  n.插图,例证,说明
【释】 to make the meaning of something clearer by giving an example
【派】 v. illustrate; a. illustrative
【例】 The examples are included, by way of illustration. 例子已经有了,是以插图的形式出现的。
 
The key to fostering diversity is for people to learn their ancestral tongue.
培育多元化的重点是要人们学习他们祖先的语言。
 
foster  v.养育,抚育,培养
【释】 to help a skill, feeling, idea etc. develop over a period of time
【例】 Concerts foster interest in music. 音乐会可以培养对音乐的兴趣。
 
ancestral  a.祖先的,祖传的
【释】 inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent
【派】 n. ancestor / ancestry
【例】 My ancestral home is China. 中国是我的祖国。
 
She started gradually moving the feeding dish further and further away and noticed as he did so.
她慢慢往远处移动喂食的盘子,并且注意到他也在移动。
 
gradually  ad.逐渐地
【释】 slowly,over a long period of time
【派】 a. gradual
【例】 Gradually, he lost his confidence. 他渐渐地失去了信心。
 
The color of metallic gold when it is dispersed very finely in water.
当它在水中充分溶解之后,颜色是金色。
 
metallic  a.金属的
【释】 like metal in color, appearance, or taste
【例】 He bought a metallic bluejacket. 他买了一件金属蓝色的夹克。
 
disperse  v.(使)分散;散布;驱散
【释】 to drive off or scatter in different directions
【例】 The strong wind dispersed the cloud from the sky. 大风吹散了天上的云。
 
Any individual in any situation occupies a role in relation to other people.
任何人在任何情况下扮演的角色都与其他人相关。
 
occupy  v.担任;占领,占
【释】 to have an official position; to live or stay in a place
【派】 a. occupied; n. occupation
【例】 To study maths occupied me a lot of time. 学数学占用我很多时间。
 
Distance therefore poses no obstacle to the globalization of the disk-drive industry.
因此距离不再阻碍磁盘驱动器的全球化过程。
 
pose  v.造成,形成,引起
【释】 to exist in a way that may cause a problem, danger, difficulty
【用】 pose for somebody / something
【例】 Pollution poses a threat to the continued existence of this animals. 污染对该种动物的继续生存造成了威胁。
 
obstacle  n.障碍
【释】 something that makes it difficult to achieve something
【用】 obstacle to
【例】 Racial discrimination still has to overcome many obstacles to gain equality. 要想摆脱种族歧视获得平等,必须要克服很多的障碍。
 
globalization  n.全球化
【释】 the process of making something such as a business operate in a lot of different countries all around the world, or the result of this
【例】 This is the age of economic globalization. 这是经济全球化的吋代。
 
Those who felt in control of their lives pumped out lower levels of stress hormones such as cortical.
那些可以控制自己生活的人释放出低浓度的压力激素,比如大脑皮质激素。
 
pump  v.抽水;涌出,涌现
【释】 to make liquid or gas move in a particular direction, using a pump; come out quickly
【用】 pump sth. into sth.
【例】 Bleeding blood pumped from the wound. 伤口在喷血。
 
cortical  a.皮层的,皮质的,有关脑皮层的
【释】 of, relating to or consisting of cortex
【派】 cortex
 
Could such a “caloric-restriction mimetic” enable people to stay healthy longer, postponing age-related disorders such as diabetes, arteriosclerosis, heart disease and cancer?
这样的“卡路里限制模拟实验”可以让人们保持长久的健康,延缓与年龄有关的疾病,如糖尿病,动脉硬化,心脏病和癌症吗?
 
postpone  v.推迟,延期
【释】 to change the date or time of a planned event or action to a later one
【派】 n. postponement
【用】 postpone doing something
【例】 The opening party was postponed until 9 o’clock. 开业宴请晚会推迟到9点举行。
 
disorder  n.杂乱,混乱
【释】 a mental or physical illness which prevents part of your body from working properly
【用】 a disorder of the liver / brain / digestive system, a mental / psychiatric disorder, in disorder
【例】 people with mental disorders精神不正常的人
 
diabetes  n.糖尿病
【释】 a medical condition, caused by a lack of INSULIN, which makes the patient produce a lot of URINE and feel very thirsty
 
arteriosclerosis  n.动脉硬化
【释】 a disease in which your arteries become hard, which makes it difficult for the blood to flow rehabilitate
 
Modem mines and significant resources are spent on rehabilitating mined land.
现代矿山和重要的资源都用在恢复开采区的工作上。
 
rehabilitate  v.恢复原状,使复权,恢复名誉
【释】 to return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living
【派】 n. rehabilitation
【例】 After 10 years in official disgrace, he’s been rehabilitated. 经过10年的官方限制,他现在又恢复了原来的名誉。
 
That would matter less if people applied the same degree of skepticism.
如果人们可以适应同等程度的怀疑,那么这就不是一个大问题了。
 
skepticism  n.怀疑论,怀疑态度,怀疑主义
【释】 an attitude of doubting that particular claims or statements are true or that something will happen
【派】 a. skeptical
 
The suffragette movement, which campaigned for votes for women in the early twentieth century.
在20世纪初,妇女参政权论者运动以投票选举的方式进行。
 
suffragette  n.妇女参政权论者
【释】 a woman who tried to gain the right to vote for women especially as a member of a group in Britain or the US in the early 20th century
 
campaign  v.参加运动,参加竞选,发起运动
【释】 to lead or take part in a series of actions intended to achieve a particular social or political result
【派】 n. campaigner
【用】 campaign for / against
【例】 The union leader campaigned hard against the measure to cut welfare benefits. 工会领导极力发起运动,反对削减福利的措施。
 
They found that minute crystals of nickel sulphide trapped inside the glass had almost certainly caused the failure.
他们发现,放在玻璃内的晶体镍硫化物已几乎不存在了。
 
sulphide  n.硫化物
【释】 a mixture of sulphur with another substance
 
trap  v.使受限制;设圈套
【释】 to prevent something such as water, dirt, heat etc. from escaping or spreading; to catch in
【用】 be / feel trapped in; trap somebody into (doing) something
【例】 Ten miners were trapped underground. 10个矿工被困在地下。
 
The need to achieve sustainable development of energy resources, the way in which the resource is extracted, transported and used is critical.
实现能源的可持续发展,能源的提取、运输及使用是至关重要的。
 
sustainable  a.合理利用的,可持续的
【释】 able to continue without causing damage to the environment
【派】 v. sustain; n. sustainability
【例】 The government should do more to promote sustainable economy. 政府应该做更多地去促进经济可持续发展。
 
Topsoil in India and China is vanishing much faster than in America.
表层土在印度和中国消失的速度远远超过美国。
 
topsoil  n.表层土
【释】 the upper level of soil in which most plants have their roots
 
This button activates a jet of cold water which allows you to iron out any unintentional creases.
此按钮激活了冷水喷射,可以让你烫平任何无意间产生的褶皱。
 
unintentional  a.非故意的,无心的
【释】 not done or made or performed with purpose or intent
【派】 ad. unintentionally
【例】 It’s an unintentional mistake. 这是一个无心的错误。
 
crease  n.褶痕,皱痕
【释】 a line on a piece of cloth, paper etc. where it has been folded,crushed, or pressed
【例】 I found my new dress full of crease. 我发现我的新连衣裙全皱了。
 
The most important thing is to tackle malicious computer hackers.
最重要的事情是治理恶意的电脑黑客。
 
tackle  v.处理,解决
【释】 to try to deal with a difficult problem
【派】 n. tackier
【用】 tackle sb. about sth.
【例】 What’s the best way to tackle this problem? 解决这个问题的最好方法是什么?
 
malicious  a.怀恶意的,恶毒的
【释】 very unkind and cruel, and deliberately behaving in a way that is likely to upset or hurt someone
【派】 ad. maliciously
【用】 malicious rumour / gossip / words
【例】 Who wrote these malicious words? 这些恶毒的文字是谁写的?

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