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剑桥雅思词汇详解:Word List16

2014-01-16 10:30| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 继List15之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List16,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!
继List15之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List16,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!

Older children seem to acquire the ability to appreciate value and evaluate conflicting views.
年纪大一点儿的儿童似乎有能力欣赏价值观和评价互相矛盾的观点。
 
appreciate  v.欣赏,感激,赏识;领会,充分意识
【释】 to recognize or understand that something is valuable, important or as described
【派】 n. appreciation; a. appreciative / appreciable; ad. appreciatively
【用】 appreciate doing sth.; appreciate that
【例】 I don’t think he appreciates how much time I spent preparing this meal.我认为他没有意识到我为准备这顿晚饭花费了多长时间。
 
evaluate  v.评估,评价
【释】 to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount or value of something
【派】 a. evaluative; n. evaluation
【例】 Let’s evaluate the proof. 让我们评估一下这份证据的价值
 
conflict  n.冲突,矛盾,争执
【释】 If beliefs, needs, or facts, etc. conflict, they are very different and cannot easily exist together or both be true.
【派】 a. conflicted / conflicting; n. conflict
【例】 There has always been some conflict between men and women. 男人和女人之间从来就是有矛盾的。
 
Allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum rather than spreading them out.
按年薪分发增加了大块资金的数目,而不是将它分散开来。
 
allocate  v.分派,分配,分配额
【释】 to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, for them to use in a particular way
【派】 n. allocation
【用】 allocate sth. to sb. / sth.; allocate sth. for sth.
【例】 The government is allocating 20 million for education. 政府拨款2000万用于教育。
 
lump  n.块状,瘤,很多
【释】 a piece of a solid substance, usually with no particular shape
【派】 a. lumpish; n. lumpectomy
【用】 lump of; lump sb. / sth. together
【例】 The artist started with a big lump of clay. 艺术家用一大块粘土开始制作雕塑。
 
This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices.
这包括对奇特的社会习俗的调查。
 
bizarre  a.奇异的
【释】 very strange and unusual
【派】 ad. bizarrely; n. bizarreness
【例】 The tale has a certain bizarre interest. 这个童话听起来别有风趣。
 
idiosyncratic  a.特质的,异质的,特殊的
【释】 a strange or unusual habit,way of behaving or feature that someone or something has
【派】 n. idiosyncrasy
 
However, it can compromise the immune system, muddle thinking, cause depression, promote anxiety and encourage irritability.
但是,它可以削弱免疫系统,混淆思维,引发抑郁,加重焦虑和愤怒。
 
compromise  v.妥协,让步
【释】 to accept that you will reduce your demands or change your opinion in order to reach an agreement with someone
【派】 n. compromise; a. compromising
【用】 compromise with. / on sb. / sth.; compromise oneself
【例】 He never compromises with the bosses. 他从来不向老板们妥协。
 
immune  a.免除的,免疫的
【释】 protected against a particular disease by particular substances in the blood; not affected or upset by a particular type of behaviour or emotion
【派】 v. immunize; n. immunization / immunity t
【用】 immune to / from
【例】 He seems to be immune to others. 他似乎不受别人的影响。
 
muddle  n.困惑,糊涂,混乱
【释】 an untidy or confused state
【派】 v. muddle; a. muddled
【用】 muddle sb. / sth. up; muddle through; muddle up / along / on
【例】 I muddled the dates and arrived three days late. 我把日期弄乱了,所以迟到了三天。
 
depression  n..沮丧;萧条
【释】 a feeling of unhappiness and lack of hope for the future; a mental illness in which a person is very unhappy and anxious for long periods and cannot have a normal life during these periods
【派】 v. depress; a. depressive
【例】 During the depression, millions of people were under unemployment. 在经济萧条时期,有上百万的人处于失业状态。
 
irritability  n.易怒;过敏性;兴奋性
【释】 becoming annoyed very easily
【派】 a. irritable; ad. irritably
【例】 John is a kind of person of irritability. 约翰是易怒的人。
 
This concentration of vehicles makes air quality in urban areas unpleasant and sometimes dangerous to breathe.
车辆过分集中导致城市空气质量差,有时候人会感觉呼吸困难。
 
concentration  n.集中,专心;浓度
【释】 the ability to think carefully about something you are doing and nothing else
【派】 v. concentrate; a. concentrated
【用】 concentration on / of
【例】 Lack of concentration was a real problem. 注意力不集中是一个严重的问题。
 
Countries still trade disproportionately with their geographic neighbors.
各国与其邻国的贸易活动仍然不成比例。
 
disproportionately  ad.不成比例地;不相称地
【释】 too large or too small in comparison to something else, or not deserving its importance or influence
【派】 n. disproportion; a. disproportionate
 
geographic  a.地理学上的(地区的)
【释】 the study of the systems and processes involved in the world’s weather, mountains, seas, lakes, etc. and of the ways in which countries and people organize life within an area
【派】 n. geographer / geography; ad. geographically
 
The honey produced here is fragrant and sweet and can be sold by the beekeepers.
这里出产的蜂蜜又香又甜,并且可供养蜂人出售。
 
fragrant  a芬香的,馥郁的,愉快的
【释】 with a pleasant smell
【派】 fragrance; a. fragranced
【例】 The air in the park was warm and fragrant. 公园里的空气温暖馨香。
 
The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon involving the increase in global surface temperature due to the presence of greenhouse gases-water-vapor, carbon dioxide, troposphere ozone, methane and nitrous oxide.
温室效应是一个很自然的现象,例如全球表面温度的上升是由于温室气体的影响,比如水蒸汽、二氧化碳、对流层臭氧、甲烷和一氧化二氮。
 
greenhouse  n.温室
【释】 a building with a roof and sides made of glass, used for growing plants that need warmth and protection
【例】 They planted many beautiful flowers in their greenhouse.他们在花房里种了很多好看的花。
 
presence  n.出席,在场
【释】 when someone or something is in a place
【派】 a. present
【用】 in presence; in the presence of sb.
【例】 She was so quiet that her presence was hardly noticed.她那么安静,几乎没有人注意到她的存在。
 
troposphere  n.对流层
【释】 the lowest atmospheric layer; from 4 to 11 miles high (depending on latitude)
 
nitrous  a.含有三价氮的
【释】 of or containing nitrogen hormone, melatonin
 
These aids would have been indispensable to very early people who could have found the process impossible without some form of mechanical aid.
这些援助对于早期患有艾滋病但却不能通过医疗器械查明的人是不可缺少的。
 
indispensable  a.不可缺少的
【释】 something or someone that is indispensable is so good or important that you consider them to be essential
【派】 n. indispensability
【例】 A good dictionary is indispensable for learning a foreign language. 学习外语离不开好的词典。
 
mechanical  a.机械的,力学的;呆板的
【释】 describes machines or their parts
【派】 n. machine / machinery / mechanic / mechanics / mechanism; a. mechanical / mechanized; ad. mechanically
【例】 The teacher was asked the same question so many times that the answer became mechanical. 同样的问题学生向老师问了太多次了,所以答案也是千篇一律。
 
In many other industrialized countries, orthodox and alternative medicines have worked “hand in glove” for years.
在其他许多工业化国家,传统医学和替代疗法结合在一起使用已经有很多年了。
 
industrialize  v.(使)工业化
【释】 to develop industry
【派】 n. industry / industrialisation; a. industrial; ad. industrially
【例】 Many towns in the coastal area have begun to industrialize.沿海地区的许多城镇已开始工业化。
 
orthodox  a.正(传)统的
【释】 (of beliefs,ideas or activities) considered traditional, normal and acceptable by most people
【派】 orthodoxy
【例】 He is a very orthodox young man. 他是一个非常循规蹈矩的青年。
 
Atlas’s teaching methodology is constantly revised as more is discovered about the process of learning a new language.
Atlas的教学方法在不断地进行修正,更重要的是他发现了学习一种新语言的过程。
 
revise  v.校订,修正,校正
【释】 to look at or consider again an idea, piece of writing,etc. in order to correct or improve it
【派】 a. revised; n. revision
【用】 revise sth. upwards / downwards
【例】 You should revise your mind about him. 你应该改变对他的看法。
 
These were scanned under a modified microfiche reader for signs of nickel sulphide crystals.
为了找到硫化镍晶体的标志,这些被放在改良的微缩胶片阅读器下扫描。
 
modify  vt.改变,改善
【释】 to change something such as a plan, opinion, law or way of behaviour slightly, usually to improve it or make it more acceptable
【派】 n. modification / modifier
【例】 Instead of simply punishing them, the teacher encourages students to modify their behavior.老师鼓励学生改善自己的行为,以此来代替简单的惩罚。
 
microfiche  n.微缩胶片
【释】a small rectangular sheet of film on which information is photographed in a reduced size
 
opponents of smoking financed the UCSF study
反对吸烟的人资助UCSF的研究
 
opponent  n.对手,敌手,反对者
【释】 a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it
【派】 v. oppose
【用】 opponent of
【例】 At last his opponent completely folded. 最后他的对手彻底被打败了。
 
finance  v.供给……经费,负担经费 n.财政,财务
【释】 to obtain or provide money for
【派】 a. financial; ad. financially
【例】 The repairs to the school will be financed by the educational department. 学校的修缮由教育部门出资。
 
The knock-on effects are likely to include more warming, cloudier skies, increased precipitation and higher sea levels.
一系列连续的影响可能包括气候变暖,天空多云,降水增加和海平面不断升高。
 
precipitation  n.坠落,沉淀,凝结;冰雹
【释】 the quantity of water falling to the earth at a specific place within a specified period of time
【派】 a. precipitate; ad. precipitately
【例】 There will be precipitation on northern hills tonight. 今夜北部山区有降雪。
 
One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in which a number of people who share the same destination share the use of one car.
解决办法之一是共用汽车,把去同一目的地的人安排在同一辆车上。
 
solution  n.解答,解决办法
【释】 the answer to a problem
【派】 v. solve
【用】 the solution to the problem
【例】 Finally I found the solution to the problem. 最后我发现了这个问题的解决方法。
 
destination  n.目的地,终点
【释】 the place where someone is going or where something is being sent or taken
【派】 a. destined; u destine
【用】 destination for
【例】 We eventually arrived at our destination. 我们终于到达了目的地。
 
In the Sahara in Africa, where two-thirds of the sparse population live in permanent settlements, many of the oases that provide natural supplies of water have been enlarged by human industry.
在非洲撒哈拉地区,有三分之二的稀疏人口永久居住在那里,很多能够提供天然水源的绿洲都被人类工业扩大了。
 
sparse  a.稀少的,稀疏的
【释】 small in numbers or amount, often scattered over a large area
【派】 ad. sparsely; n. sparseness
【例】 The televison coverage of this event was rather sparse. 电视上对这件亊报道很少。
 
oasis  n.绿洲(pl. oases)
【释】 a place in a desert where there is water and therefore plants and trees and sometimes a village or town
 
However, they are the most vulnerable to the acute effects of heavily polluted stagnant air.
然而,他们最容易受到重度空气污染的影响。
 
stagnant  a.不流动的;不景气的
【释】 not flowing or moving, and smelling unpleasant; not growing or developing
【派】 n. stagnation
【例】 Due to low investment, our industrial output was remained stagnant. 由于投资少,我们的工业生产一直停滞不前。
 
This approach has made considerable sense in an island with sites to spare because of its particular geology and its history of quarrying.
这方法已经解释清楚了为什么有人来观看这个岛屿的景象,是因为它的特殊地质现象和它被发现的历史。
 
approach  n.途径,方法 v.靠近,接近,动手处理
【释】 ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation
【派】 a. approachable; v. approach
【用】 approach sb. about / for sth.; approach sb. about doing sth.; approach to sth.
【例】 The college has decided to adopt a different approach to discipline.学院决定采取另外一种方式解决纪律问题。
 
considerable  a.相当的,可观的;重要的
【释】 great in amount, size, importance, etc.
【派】 ad. considerably; v. consider; prep. / conj. considering; a. considerate; n. consideration
【例】 That building wasted a considerable amount of time and money.那个建筑耗费了相当多的时间和资金。
 
quarry  v挖出;苦心找出
【释】 to dig out stone, etc. out of a quarry
【用】 quarry for sth.; quarry sth. from / out of sth.
【例】 The area is being quarried for limestone. 这个地方正在开采石灰石。
 
This basic approach is limited in the range of numbers that it can express, but this range will generally suffice when dealing with the simpler aspects of human existence.
这一基本方法仅限于在可以表达的数字之内,但是当谈论到关于人类生存的几个较简单的方面时,这一方法足够了。
 
suffice  v.足够;使……满足;合格
【释】 to be enough for 
【派】 a. sufficient; ad. sufficiently; n. sufficiency
【例】 An hour should suffice for the tour. 这点路程一小时足够了。
 
Today approximately 16 species might be said to have been “saved” by captive breeding programmes.
据说今天大约有16个物种可能会被圈养繁殖项目所拯救。
 
captive  n.俘虏,迷恋者 a.被俘的,被迷住的
【释】 kept under restraint or control; confined
【派】 n. captivity; v. captivate
【例】 He was held captive for almost 2 months. 他被监禁了将近两个月。
 
So are doctors to blame for the escalating extravagance of pharmaceutical marketing?
所以医生是否应该为药物销售的泛滥负责任呢?
 
blame  v.责备
【释】 to find fault with; censure
【派】 a. blamed
【用】 be to blame for
【例】 The driver was not to blame for the accident. 这次事故怪不着司机。
 
escalate  v.扩大;升高;增强
【释】 to make or become greater or more serious
【派】 n. escalation / escalator
【用】 escalate into
【例】 We do not want to escalate the war. 我们不想扩大战争。
 
extravagance  n.奢侈,浪费;放肆的言行
【释】 spending, using or doing more than necessary in an uncontrolled way
【派】 a. extravagant
【例】 Her latest extravagance is a hand-made carpet. 她最近买的一件奢侈品是手工地钱。
 
pharmaceutical  a.药物的(医药的) n.药品(成药)
【释】 connected with the production of medicines
 
It had been tested on animals — followed by concerns regarding irresponsible selling.
实行了不负责任的销售行为之后,测试已经在动物身上实行了。
 
concern  v.涉及,与……有关;影响;使关心
【释】 to involve sb. directly; to become involved with sth., or worried about sth.
【派】 a. concerned
【用】 concern yourself with / about sth.
【例】 Those problems concern all of us. 那些问题影响到我们每一个人。
 
regard  v.视为;注意;和有……有关
【释】 to consider or have an opinion about sth. or sb.; to look carefully at sth. or sb.
【派】 prep. regarding; ad. regardless
【用】 regard… as…; in / with regard to
【例】 He is regarded as the best dentist in town. 他被公认为是城里最好的牙医。
 
irresponsible  a.不负责任的;不可靠的
【释】 not thinking carefully enough or not caring about what might result from actions taken
【派】 n. irresponsibility
【用】 it is irresponsible (for sb.) to do sth.
【例】 It was irresponsible for him to speak to his mother in that way. 他对自己的母亲以那种方式说话是一种不负责任的表现。
 
The data confirms that the rate at which these diseases are declining continues to accelerate.
数据证明,这些一直持续下降的疾病发病率又开始上升了。
 
confirm  v.确定;批准;证实
【释】 to make an arrangement or meeting certain, often by telephone or writing
【派】 n. confirmation; a. confirmed
【用】 confirm that
【例】 Tom looked around to confirm that he was alone. 汤姆四处张望,要确定周围没人。
 
decline  v.降低;婉谢
【释】 to gradually become less, worse, or lower; to refuse
【用】 decline to do sth.; decline that-clause
【例】 I wish prices would decline. 我希望物价会下降。

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