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摘要： 继List15之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List16，希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢！
Older children seem to acquire the ability to appreciate value and evaluate conflicting views.
【释】 to recognize or understand that something is valuable, important or as described
【派】 n. appreciation; a. appreciative / appreciable; ad. appreciatively
【用】 appreciate doing sth.; appreciate that
【例】 I don’t think he appreciates how much time I spent preparing this meal.我认为他没有意识到我为准备这顿晚饭花费了多长时间。
【释】 to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount or value of something
【派】 a. evaluative; n. evaluation
【例】 Let’s evaluate the proof. 让我们评估一下这份证据的价值
【释】 If beliefs, needs, or facts, etc. conflict, they are very different and cannot easily exist together or both be true.
【派】 a. conflicted / conflicting; n. conflict
【例】 There has always been some conflict between men and women. 男人和女人之间从来就是有矛盾的。
Allocating annual salary increases in a lump sum rather than spreading them out.
【释】 to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, for them to use in a particular way
【派】 n. allocation
【用】 allocate sth. to sb. / sth.; allocate sth. for sth.
【例】 The government is allocating 20 million for education. 政府拨款2000万用于教育。
【释】 a piece of a solid substance, usually with no particular shape
【派】 a. lumpish; n. lumpectomy
【用】 lump of; lump sb. / sth. together
【例】 The artist started with a big lump of clay. 艺术家用一大块粘土开始制作雕塑。
This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices.
【释】 very strange and unusual
【派】 ad. bizarrely; n. bizarreness
【例】 The tale has a certain bizarre interest. 这个童话听起来别有风趣。
【释】 a strange or unusual habit，way of behaving or feature that someone or something has
【派】 n. idiosyncrasy
However, it can compromise the immune system, muddle thinking, cause depression, promote anxiety and encourage irritability.
【释】 to accept that you will reduce your demands or change your opinion in order to reach an agreement with someone
【派】 n. compromise; a. compromising
【用】 compromise with. / on sb. / sth.; compromise oneself
【例】 He never compromises with the bosses. 他从来不向老板们妥协。
【释】 protected against a particular disease by particular substances in the blood; not affected or upset by a particular type of behaviour or emotion
【派】 v. immunize; n. immunization / immunity t
【用】 immune to / from
【例】 He seems to be immune to others. 他似乎不受别人的影响。
【释】 an untidy or confused state
【派】 v. muddle; a. muddled
【用】 muddle sb. / sth. up; muddle through; muddle up / along / on
【例】 I muddled the dates and arrived three days late. 我把日期弄乱了，所以迟到了三天。
【释】 a feeling of unhappiness and lack of hope for the future; a mental illness in which a person is very unhappy and anxious for long periods and cannot have a normal life during these periods
【派】 v. depress; a. depressive
【例】 During the depression, millions of people were under unemployment. 在经济萧条时期，有上百万的人处于失业状态。
【释】 becoming annoyed very easily
【派】 a. irritable; ad. irritably
【例】 John is a kind of person of irritability. 约翰是易怒的人。
This concentration of vehicles makes air quality in urban areas unpleasant and sometimes dangerous to breathe.
【释】 the ability to think carefully about something you are doing and nothing else
【派】 v. concentrate; a. concentrated
【用】 concentration on / of
【例】 Lack of concentration was a real problem. 注意力不集中是一个严重的问题。
Countries still trade disproportionately with their geographic neighbors.
【释】 too large or too small in comparison to something else, or not deserving its importance or influence
【派】 n. disproportion; a. disproportionate
【释】 the study of the systems and processes involved in the world’s weather, mountains, seas, lakes, etc. and of the ways in which countries and people organize life within an area
【派】 n. geographer / geography; ad. geographically
The honey produced here is fragrant and sweet and can be sold by the beekeepers.
【释】 with a pleasant smell
【派】 fragrance; a. fragranced
【例】 The air in the park was warm and fragrant. 公园里的空气温暖馨香。
The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon involving the increase in global surface temperature due to the presence of greenhouse gases-water-vapor, carbon dioxide, troposphere ozone, methane and nitrous oxide.
【释】 a building with a roof and sides made of glass, used for growing plants that need warmth and protection
【例】 They planted many beautiful flowers in their greenhouse.他们在花房里种了很多好看的花。
【释】 when someone or something is in a place
【派】 a. present
【用】 in presence; in the presence of sb.
【例】 She was so quiet that her presence was hardly noticed.她那么安静，几乎没有人注意到她的存在。
【释】 the lowest atmospheric layer; from 4 to 11 miles high (depending on latitude)
【释】 of or containing nitrogen hormone, melatonin
These aids would have been indispensable to very early people who could have found the process impossible without some form of mechanical aid.
【释】 something or someone that is indispensable is so good or important that you consider them to be essential
【派】 n. indispensability
【例】 A good dictionary is indispensable for learning a foreign language. 学习外语离不开好的词典。
【释】 describes machines or their parts
【派】 n. machine / machinery / mechanic / mechanics / mechanism; a. mechanical / mechanized; ad. mechanically
【例】 The teacher was asked the same question so many times that the answer became mechanical. 同样的问题学生向老师问了太多次了，所以答案也是千篇一律。
In many other industrialized countries, orthodox and alternative medicines have worked “hand in glove” for years.
【释】 to develop industry
【派】 n. industry / industrialisation; a. industrial; ad. industrially
【例】 Many towns in the coastal area have begun to industrialize.沿海地区的许多城镇已开始工业化。
【释】 (of beliefs，ideas or activities) considered traditional, normal and acceptable by most people
【例】 He is a very orthodox young man. 他是一个非常循规蹈矩的青年。
Atlas’s teaching methodology is constantly revised as more is discovered about the process of learning a new language.
【释】 to look at or consider again an idea, piece of writing，etc. in order to correct or improve it
【派】 a. revised; n. revision
【用】 revise sth. upwards / downwards
【例】 You should revise your mind about him. 你应该改变对他的看法。
These were scanned under a modified microfiche reader for signs of nickel sulphide crystals.
【释】 to change something such as a plan, opinion, law or way of behaviour slightly, usually to improve it or make it more acceptable
【派】 n. modification / modifier
【例】 Instead of simply punishing them, the teacher encourages students to modify their behavior.老师鼓励学生改善自己的行为，以此来代替简单的惩罚。
【释】a small rectangular sheet of film on which information is photographed in a reduced size
opponents of smoking financed the UCSF study
【释】 a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it
【派】 v. oppose
【用】 opponent of
【例】 At last his opponent completely folded. 最后他的对手彻底被打败了。
finance v.供给……经费，负担经费 n.财政，财务
【释】 to obtain or provide money for
【派】 a. financial; ad. financially
【例】 The repairs to the school will be financed by the educational department. 学校的修缮由教育部门出资。
The knock-on effects are likely to include more warming, cloudier skies, increased precipitation and higher sea levels.
【释】 the quantity of water falling to the earth at a specific place within a specified period of time
【派】 a. precipitate; ad. precipitately
【例】 There will be precipitation on northern hills tonight. 今夜北部山区有降雪。
One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in which a number of people who share the same destination share the use of one car.
【释】 the answer to a problem
【派】 v. solve
【用】 the solution to the problem
【例】 Finally I found the solution to the problem. 最后我发现了这个问题的解决方法。
【释】 the place where someone is going or where something is being sent or taken
【派】 a. destined; u destine
【用】 destination for
【例】 We eventually arrived at our destination. 我们终于到达了目的地。
In the Sahara in Africa, where two-thirds of the sparse population live in permanent settlements, many of the oases that provide natural supplies of water have been enlarged by human industry.
【释】 small in numbers or amount, often scattered over a large area
【派】 ad. sparsely; n. sparseness
【例】 The televison coverage of this event was rather sparse. 电视上对这件亊报道很少。
oasis n.绿洲(pl. oases)
【释】 a place in a desert where there is water and therefore plants and trees and sometimes a village or town
However, they are the most vulnerable to the acute effects of heavily polluted stagnant air.
【释】 not flowing or moving, and smelling unpleasant; not growing or developing
【派】 n. stagnation
【例】 Due to low investment, our industrial output was remained stagnant. 由于投资少，我们的工业生产一直停滞不前。
This approach has made considerable sense in an island with sites to spare because of its particular geology and its history of quarrying.
approach n.途径，方法 v.靠近，接近，动手处理
【释】 ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation
【派】 a. approachable; v. approach
【用】 approach sb. about / for sth.; approach sb. about doing sth.; approach to sth.
【例】 The college has decided to adopt a different approach to discipline.学院决定采取另外一种方式解决纪律问题。
【释】 great in amount, size, importance, etc.
【派】 ad. considerably; v. consider; prep. / conj. considering; a. considerate; n. consideration
【例】 That building wasted a considerable amount of time and money.那个建筑耗费了相当多的时间和资金。
【释】 to dig out stone, etc. out of a quarry
【用】 quarry for sth.; quarry sth. from / out of sth.
【例】 The area is being quarried for limestone. 这个地方正在开采石灰石。
This basic approach is limited in the range of numbers that it can express, but this range will generally suffice when dealing with the simpler aspects of human existence.
【释】 to be enough for
【派】 a. sufficient; ad. sufficiently; n. sufficiency
【例】 An hour should suffice for the tour. 这点路程一小时足够了。
Today approximately 16 species might be said to have been “saved” by captive breeding programmes.
captive n.俘虏，迷恋者 a.被俘的，被迷住的
【释】 kept under restraint or control; confined
【派】 n. captivity; v. captivate
【例】 He was held captive for almost 2 months. 他被监禁了将近两个月。
So are doctors to blame for the escalating extravagance of pharmaceutical marketing?
【释】 to find fault with; censure
【派】 a. blamed
【用】 be to blame for
【例】 The driver was not to blame for the accident. 这次事故怪不着司机。
【释】 to make or become greater or more serious
【派】 n. escalation / escalator
【用】 escalate into
【例】 We do not want to escalate the war. 我们不想扩大战争。
【释】 spending, using or doing more than necessary in an uncontrolled way
【派】 a. extravagant
【例】 Her latest extravagance is a hand-made carpet. 她最近买的一件奢侈品是手工地钱。
pharmaceutical a.药物的（医药的） n.药品（成药）
【释】 connected with the production of medicines
It had been tested on animals — followed by concerns regarding irresponsible selling.
【释】 to involve sb. directly; to become involved with sth., or worried about sth.
【派】 a. concerned
【用】 concern yourself with / about sth.
【例】 Those problems concern all of us. 那些问题影响到我们每一个人。
【释】 to consider or have an opinion about sth. or sb.; to look carefully at sth. or sb.
【派】 prep. regarding; ad. regardless
【用】 regard… as…; in / with regard to
【例】 He is regarded as the best dentist in town. 他被公认为是城里最好的牙医。
【释】 not thinking carefully enough or not caring about what might result from actions taken
【派】 n. irresponsibility
【用】 it is irresponsible (for sb.) to do sth.
【例】 It was irresponsible for him to speak to his mother in that way. 他对自己的母亲以那种方式说话是一种不负责任的表现。
The data confirms that the rate at which these diseases are declining continues to accelerate.
【释】 to make an arrangement or meeting certain, often by telephone or writing
【派】 n. confirmation; a. confirmed
【用】 confirm that
【例】 Tom looked around to confirm that he was alone. 汤姆四处张望，要确定周围没人。
【释】 to gradually become less, worse, or lower; to refuse
【用】 decline to do sth.; decline that-clause
【例】 I wish prices would decline. 我希望物价会下降。