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剑桥雅思词汇详解:Word List17

2014-01-20 09:59| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 继List16之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List17,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!
继List16之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List17,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!

We expect that the work will be completed at this time without further disruption to traffic.
我们期待在交通没有进一步瘫痪的前提下把这份工作完成好。
 
disruption  n.分裂
【释】 to prevent something, especially a system, process or event, from continuing as usual or as expected
【派】 v. disrupt; a. disruptive; ad disruptively
【例】 The whole factory was in disruption. 整个工厂一片混乱。
 
With the exception of applications for scholarship category E,all newly enrolled international students are automatically considered for these scholarships.
除了对E类奖学金的申请,所有的新登记的国际学生都将会被自动考虑到奖学金的候选名单中来。
 
exception  n.例外
【释】 someone or something that is not included in a rule, group or list or that does not behave in the expected way
【派】 prep./conj. except; a. excepted / exceptionable / exceptional; ad. exceptionally
【用】 exception to; with the exception of
【例】 There is always an exception to any rule. 任何规律总有例外。
 
category  n.种类,类别
【释】 (in a system for dividing things according to appearance, quality, etc.) a type, or a group of things having some features that are the same
【派】 v. categorize; n. categorization; a. categorical
【例】 There are three categories of accommodation. 这里有三种住宿方式。
 
automatically  ad.自动地,机械地
【释】 sth. done without thinking or mechanically without intervention
【例】 The supermarket doors shut automatically. 超级市场的门自动关闭了。
 
But the database does allow lexicographers to search for a word and find out how frequently it is used—something that could only be guessed at intuitively before.
但是数据库帮助辞典编纂者搜索一个词并且知道它所使用的频率,而这些在过去只能凭借我们的直觉去猜测。
 
frequently  ad.经常地,频繁地
【释】 many times at short intervals
【派】 a. frequent; n. frequency
【例】 His speech was frequently interrupted by applause. 他的演说不时被常声打断。
 
intuitively  ad.直觉地,直观地
【释】 in an intuitive manner
【派】 n. intuition
【例】 She seemed to know intuitively how to do it. 她似乎凭直觉知道如何去做。
 
The hostility of the indigenous population to North American influences the development of the country.
土著人口对北美人民的敌意制约了国家的发展。
 
hostility  n.敌意
【释】 unfriendly and not liking or agreeing with something
【用】 hostility to / towards
【例】 I feel no hostility towards anyone. 我对任何人均无敌意。
 
The role of governments in environmental management is difficult but inescapable.
政府在环境管理方面做的事情是比较难的,但同时也是非做不可的。
 
inescapable  a.无法逃脱的,不可避免的
【释】 impossible to avoid or evade
【派】 ad. inescapably
【例】 The inescapable conclusion is that he was murdered by someone in his own house. 必然得出这样的结论;他是在自己家里被人谋杀的。
 
The difficulty lies not in the inferential process which the task demands, but in certain perplexing features of the apparatus and the procedure.
困难不在工作所要求的推理过程中,而是在复杂的装置和其步驟中。
 
inferential  a.推理的,推论的,推理上的
【释】 relating to or having the nature of illution or inference
【派】 n. inference; ad inferentially
【例】 inferential evidence推理证据
 
perplex  v.使……困惑,使……更复杂,使……为难
【释】 to confuse and worry someone slightly by being difficult to understand or solve
【派】 a. perplexed / perplexing; n. perplexity
【例】 Faced with that dilemma, Bob was perplexed. 鲍勃面对进退两难的局面,不知如何是好。
 
apparatus  n.装置,器具,器官
【释】 a set of equipment or tools or sometimes a machine which is used for a particular purpose; an organization or system, especially a political one
【例】 There are some electrical apparatus in the room.房间里有些电器。
 
Film personalities have such an immediate presence that, inevitably, they become super-real.
电影的特点是有这样快速的画面出现,因此才变得非常真实。
 
inevitably  ad.不可避免地
【释】 certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented
【派】 a. inevitable
【例】 Inevitably, the two sides began to fight. 双方随后不可避免地打了起来。
 
Furthermore, they thought that only a lunatic fringe of about one in 1,000 would give the highest shock of 450 volts.
此外,他们认为1000个人中只要有一个极端分子,那么他带给大家的危害像450伏的电压一样。
 
lunatic fringe  n.极端分子(团体),狂热分子((团体)
【释】 people who have very strong opinions that are outside the usual range
【例】 The lunatic fringe are ignored by most members of the party. 绝大部分党员对极端分子不予理睬。
 
volt  n.伏特
【释】 the standard unit used to measure how strongly an electrical current is sent around an electrical system
【派】 n. voltage
 
Those for the military, for example, were originally intended to impress and even terrify the enemy.
对于军队而言,例如,首先应该给敌人留下深刻的印象,甚至可以威吓对方。
 
military  n.军队 a.军事的
【释】 relating to or belonging to the armed forces; describes a characteristic that is typical of the armed forces
【派】 ad. militarily; n. militarist / militarism
【例】 I am not interested in military history. 我对军队史没什么兴趣。
 
intend  v.想要,打算,计划
【释】 to have a plan or purpose
【派】 n. intent / intention; a. intentional; ad. intentionally
【用】 intend (sb.) to do sth.
【例】 We intend to go to the UK next year. 我们打算明年去英国。
 
terrify  v.使恐怖
【释】 to frighten someone very much
【派】 a. terrifying / terrified / terrific; ad. terrifically
【例】 Cats terrify me. 猫使我害怕。
 
Yet a green organization opposing such a weakening is seen as altruistic, even if an impartial view of the controls in question might suggest they are doing more harm than good.
然而,绿色组织反对此类削弱的是被看作是利他主义的,即使一个公正的看法可能意味着他们的做法是弊多于利。
 
oppose  v.反对,以……对抗,抗争
【释】 to disagree with something or someone, often by speaking or fighting against them
【派】 a. opposing / opposed; n. opposition
【用】 oppose doing sth.
【例】 Don’t oppose your idea against mine. 不要把你的观点同我的对立起来。
 
altruistic  a.利他主义的,无私的
【释】 willingness to do things which benefit other people, even if it results in disadvantage for yourself
【派】 n. altruist / altruism; ad. altruistically
【例】 I doubt whether his motives for donating the money are altruistic — he’s probably looking for publicity. 我怀疑他捐钱的动机是否是无私的,他很可能是想引起公众的注意。
 
impartial  a.公平的,不偏不倚的
【释】 not supporting any of the sides involved in an argument
【派】 v. impart; ad. impartially; n. impartiality
【例】 He is an impartial judge. 他是一位公正的法官。
 
In Germany, plant remedies account for 10% of the national turnover of pharmaceuticals.
在德国,植物医疗占了全国药物成交量的10%。
 
remedy  n.药物,治疗法,补救
【释】 a successful way of curing an illness or dealing with a problem or difficulty
【派】 a. remedial
【用】 remedy for
【例】 Her illness is beyond remedy. 她的病不可治愈。
 
The “altitude tent” is developed by AIS to replicate the effect of altitude training at sea level.
AIS发明的海拔帐篷是为了模仿和感受在海平面上接受海拔训练的影响。
 
replicate  v.折叠,复制,模写
【释】 to make or do something again in exactly the same way
【派】 n. replication
【例】 There is a need for further research to replicate these findings. 对于更深入的研究,复制这些发现物是有必要的。
 
altitude  n.高度,海拔
【释】 height above sea level
【用】 at an altitude of
【例】 The plane flew at an altitude of 20,000 ft. 飞机在两万英尺的高度飞行。
 
The specialization in function of the two hemispheres results in anatomical differences.
这两个半球功能上的特殊化造成结构上的不同。
 
specialization  n.特别化,特殊化,专门化
【释】 limiting my studying or work to one particular area
【派】 v. specialize; n. specialization; a. specialized
【用】 specialize in
【例】 industrial specialization工业专业化
 
anatomical  a.结构上的,解剖(学)的
【释】 the scientific study of the body and how its parts are arranged
【派】 n. anatomy; ad. anatomically
 
Now there is widespread speculation about its true beginnings.
现在有关于它真实的开端的推测有很多。
 
speculation  n.沉思,推测,投机
【释】 when you guess possible answers to a question without having enough information to be certain
【派】 v. speculate; a. speculative; ad. speculatively
【例】 My speculations proved to be totally wrong. 我猜想的全错了。
 
In 1873,a remarkable pterosaur specimen came to light that confirmed Cuvier’s deduction.
1873年,一件非常有特点的翼龙标本被发现,这证实了Cuvier的推理。
 
remarkable  a.显著的,异常的,非凡的,值得注意的
【释】 unusual or special and therefore surprising and worth mentioning
【派】 ad. remarkably; n. /v. remark
【例】 Meeting you here in Paris is a remarkable coincidence. 在巴黎见到你真是个巧合啊。
 
specimen  n.样本,标本
【释】something shown or examined as an example
【例】He is still a fine specimen of hard work.他一直都是努力工作的典范。
 
deduction  n.减除,扣除,减除额;推论,推理,演绎
【释】 an amount of percentage deducted
【派】 v. deduct; a. deductible / deductive
【用】 deduction from; deduction that
【例】 Her deduction that he was dead was wrong. 她作出的他已经死亡的推论是错误的。
 
The system of transmission is an update on the sophisticated page facsimile system already in use on many other newspapers.
传输系统对于已经在多家报纸上使用的古旧的整页传真系统是一种进步。
 
transmission  n.传输,传送,变速器
【释】 the process of broadcasting something by radio, television, etc., or something which is broadcast
【派】 v. transmit; n. transmitter
【例】 Man became convinced that water was a vehicle for the transmission of diseases. 人们确信水是传播疾病的媒介物。
 
update  v.更新,补充最新资料
【释】 to make something more modem or suitable for use now by adding new information or changing its design; to give someone the most recent information
【派】 n. update; a. updated
【用】 update on
【例】 The data should be updated once a month. 这些数据应该每月更新一次。
 
facsimile  n.复写,传真
【释】 an exact copy, especially of a document; fax
 
Ptolemy’s successors used increasingly unscrupulous techniques to obtain manuscripts.
托勒密的继承者使用更加不道德的方法来获得手稿。
 
unscrupulous  a.肆无忌惮的,无天理的
【释】 behaving in a way that is dishonest or unfair in order to get what you want
【派】 ad. unscrupulously
【用】 be unscrupulous about
【例】 He is an unscrupulous rogue. No one believes him. 他是一个刁滑之徒,没有人相信他。
 
manuscript  n.手稿,原稿
【释】 the original copy of a book or article before it is printed
【例】 I have read his novel in manuscript. 我已经看过他小说的手稿。
 
Arboreal marsupials may not recover to prelogging densities for over a century.
树栖有袋类动物的数量在一个世纪内也不会恢复到砍伐前的密度了。
 
arboreal  a.树木的,树栖的
【释】 relating to trees; living in trees
【例】 Human vision like that of other primates has evolved in an arboreal environment. 人类的视觉和其他灵长目动物一样,是在丛林环境中进化出来的。
 
marsupial  n.袋类动物
【释】 any Australian animal that carries its young in a pocket of skin on the mother’s stomach
【例】 marsupial muscle袋状肌
 
density  n.密集,密度
【释】 the quality of being dense; the degree to which sth. is dense
【派】 a. dense
【例】 The area had a population density of five people per square mile.该地区的人口密度为每平方英里五人。
 
The archaeological evidence shows that the natural history of Amazonian is to a surprising extent tied to the activities of its prehistoric inhabitants.
考古证据表明,亚马逊人的自然史与史前居民的活动有着异同寻常的联系。
 
archaeological  a.考古学的
【释】 the study of cultures of the past,and of periods of history by examining the remains of buildings and objects found in the ground
【派】 n. archaeology / archaeologist / ethnoarchaeology
 
inhabitant  n.居民,栖居动物
【释】 a person or an animal that lives in a particular place
【派】 v. inhabit
【例】 His grandfather is said to be one of the oldest inhabitants of the town. 他祖父据说是这个城镇最早的居民之一。
 
To protect it, the new coastline is being bolstered with a formidable twelve kilometers of sea defenses.
为了保护它,新的海岸线上筑起了 12公里的坚固防线。
 
bolster  v.& n.支持
【释】 to support or improve something or make it stronger
【例】 The soldiers bolstered their morale by singing. 士兵们以唱歌来鼓舞士气。
 
formidable  a.强有力的;难以应付的
【释】 causing you to have fear or respect for something or someone because they are impressive, powerful or difficult
【派】 ad. formidably
【例】 A younger counter staff helps to eradicate the formidable image. 起用年轻的柜台职员有助于消除令人生畏的形象。
 
Certain approaches can be useful in changing the behavior of bullying pupils without confronting them directly.
某些办法有助于改变那些恃强凌弱的学生的行为而不用直接面对他们。
 
bully  v.威胁,恐吓,欺负
【释】 to hurt or frighten someone who is smaller or less powerful than you, often forcing them to do something they do not want to do
【派】 n. bullying
【用】 bully sb. into doing sth.
【例】 Don’t let anyone bully you into doing something you don’t want to do. 不要让任何人恐吓你做任何你不想做的事情。
 
confront  v.面对,对抗,遭遇
【释】 to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person
【派】 n. confrontation; a. confrontational
【用】 confront sb. with sth.
【例】 The manager often has to confront all risks. 经理经常要面对各种各样的风险。
 
Early cinema audiences often experienced the same confusion.
早期电影院的观众往往经历了同样的困惑。
 
confusion  n.混乱,混淆
【释】 disorientation
【派】 v. confuse; a. confused / confusing
【例】 The room was in confusion after the Christmas party. 圣诞晚会之后,房间里一片混乱。
 
Absence from work is a costly and disruptive problem for any organization.
员工旷工对于任何一个组织而言,都是一个既破费又麻烦的问题。
 
disruptive  a. 捣乱的,破坏性的,制造混乱的
【释】 causing trouble and therefore stopping something from continuing as usual
【派】 v. disrupt; n. disruption; ad. disruptively
【例】 He has a disruptive influence on the other children. 他能带坏别的孩子。
 
They have been involved in the policy, which needs to be disseminated and implemented effectively.
他们参与过该政策的制定,这一政策需要传播和有效实施。
 
disseminate  v.散播,传播,宣传
【释】 to spread or give out something, especially news, information, ideas, etc., to a lot of people
【派】 n. dissemination; a. disseminated
【例】 They use the media to disseminate their own views. 他们利用媒体来传播自己的观点。
 
Often dams are built to protect the area from soil erosion and to serve as permanent sources of water.
兴建水坝往往是为了防止该地区的水土流失,并提供永久的水源。
 
erosion  n.腐蚀,侵蚀
【释】 the gradual wearing away of land through processes of nature, as by streams and winds
【派】 v. erode; a. erosional; ad. erosionally
【例】 The erosion of the coastline by the sea was ignored by people.海水对海岸的侵蚀被人们忽视了。

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