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剑桥雅思词汇详解:Word List18

2014-01-17 10:01| 来源:环球雅思 | 点击量:

摘要: 继List17之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List18,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!
继List17之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List18,希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢!

Archaeologists in recent decades have developed “ethno-archaeology”, where, like ethnographers, they live among contemporary communities.
考古学家在最近几十年里发展了“民族考古学”,像民族志学者一样,他们生活在当代社区里。
 
ethnographer  n.民族志学者
【释】 an expert specializing in a scientific description of the culture of a society by someone who has lived in it, or a book containing this
【派】 n. ethnography; a. ethnographic; ad. ethnographically
 
contemporary  a.属同时期的,当代的
【释】 belonging to the same time
【派】 ad. contemporarily
【例】 Life in contemporary Britain impressed me most. 当代英国的生活给我的印象最深。
 
community  n.社区,团体
【释】 the people living in one particular area or people who are considered as a unit because of their common interests, background or nationality
【例】 He’s well known in the local community. 他在当地非常出名。
 
It presents fundamental strategies and approaches in achieving health for all.
它涵盖了基本的策略和方法,以实现人人都可以享有医疗保健的目标。
 
fundamental  a.基本的,根本的
【释】 forming the base, from which everything else originates; more important than anything else
【派】 n. fundamentals; ad. fundamentally
【例】 A knowledge of economics is fundamental to any understanding of this problem. 经济学知识对于理解这个问题是至关重要的。
 
To observers, as well as to influential natural scientists and regional planners, the luxuriant forests of Amazonian seem unconquerable.
对于观察员和有影响力的自然科学家及区域规划者来说,郁郁葱葱的亚马逊森林似乎是不可战胜的。
 
influential  a.有权势的,有影响的
【释】 connected with the power to have an effect on people or things, or a person or thing that is able to do this
【派】 n. / v. influence
【用】 influential in doing sth.
【例】 Our newspaper is an influential media in this city. 我们的报纸在本市的媒体中有很大影响力。
 
luxuriant  a.繁茂的,丰富的,肥沃的
【释】 growing thickly, strongly and well; pleasantly dense or full
【派】 n. luxuriance; ad. luxuriantly
【用】 luxuriant in sth.
【例】 Luxuriant forests covered the hills. 山上长满茂密的树林。
 
unconquerable  a.不可征服的,克服不了的,压抑不住的
【释】 not capable of being conquered or vanquished or overcome
【派】 ad. unconquerably
【例】 There is nothing unconquerable under the sun. 世上没有不可征服的东西。
 
But the search has been informative.
但搜救工作已详实。
 
informative  a.情报的,使知道消息的,见闻广博的
【释】 providing a lot of useful information
【派】 n. informant / information / informer; a. informative / informed / uninformed / informational; v. misinform / inform
【例】 It will be most interesting and informative to hear Mr. Black. 届时能聆听到布莱克先生的演讲,定会是极为有趣和增长见识的。
 
These misconceptions do not remain isolated but become incorporated into a multifaceted, but organized, conceptual framework, making it and the component ideas, some of which are not only erroneous, but also accessible to modification.
这些误解并不是孤立的而是被纳入一个多方面的、有组织的、有概念的框架之内,使之成为观点的一部分,其中有些是错误的,但同时是可以修改的。
 
isolate  v.隔离,孤立
【释】 to separate something or someone from other things or people with which they are joined or mixed, or to keep them separate
【派】 a. isolated; n. isolation / isolationism / isolationist
【用】 isolate from
【例】 Scientists have isolated the bacteria causing the epidemic. 科学家们已分离出引起这种流行病的细菌。
 
multifaceted  a.多方面的
【释】 having many different parts
【派】 n. facet
 
conceptual  a.概念上的
【释】 based on ideas or principles
【派】 n. concept / conception; v. conceptualize
【例】 conceptual analysis概念分析
 
erroneous  a.错误的,不正确的
【释】 wrong or false
【派】 ad. erroneously; n. error
【例】 An erroneous belief probably lead to a serious mistake. 一个错误观念很可能铸成大错。
 
modification  n.修正,修改;修饰
【释】 to change something such as a plan, opinion, law or way of behaviour slightly, usually to improve it or make it more acceptable
【派】 v. modify; n. modifier
【例】 The speech added by some modifications will be perfect. 修改后的演讲稿将会更加完美。
 
This point is the opposite part of the Earth’s orbit.
这点是与地球轨道相反的部分。
 
opposite  a.相对的,相反的,对面的
【释】 completely different
【派】 v. oppose; a. opposed; n. opposition
【用】 be opposite to
【例】 They have opposite views on the question. 在这个问题上他们持相反的观点。
 
orbit  n.轨道,常轨;眼眶 v.绕……轨道运行
【释】 the curved path through which objects in space move around a planet or star
【派】 a. orbital
【用】 go into orbit... around...
【例】 How many spacecrafts are orbiting the moon? 有多少航天器绕月球轨道飞行?
 
A precise definition allows you to do very prescribed things in certain situations.
一个确切的定义可使你在确定的环境下做所规定的事情。
 
precise  a.精确的,准确的
【释】 exact and accurate
【派】 ad. precisely; n. precision
【用】 at the precise moment
【例】 I am not clear about the precise bearing of the word in this passage.我说不准这个字在这段文章里的确切意义是什么。
 
prescribe  v.规定,命令;开药方
【释】 to say what medical treatment someone should have; issue commends or orders for
【派】 n. prescription; a. prescribed / prescriptive
【用】 prescribe for; prescribe that
【例】 What medicine did the doctor prescribe for your illness? 医生开了什么药来治你的病?
 
Behavioral ecologist looked at their predatory behavior when they reached adulthood.
行为生态学家观察过它们到成年时候的捕食行为。
 
predatory  a.掠夺的,进行掠夺的,捕食生物的
【释】 a predatory animal kills and eats other animals
【释】 v. predate; n. predator
 
adulthood  n.成年
【释】 the part of someone’s life when they are an adult
【派】 v./n. adult
【例】 People in China legally reach adulthood at 18. 在中国,法定成年年龄是18岁。
 
If the predictions you make as a result of deducing certain consequences from your hypothesis are not shown to be correct then you modify your hypothesis.
如果你从你的假设中所推出的预言是不正确的,那么你应该修改你的假设。
 
prediction  n.预言,预报
【释】 when you say what will happen in the future
【派】 v. predict; a. predictable / predictive; ad. predictably; n. predictibility
【用】 make predictions about sth.; prediction that-clause
【例】 We all believed in her prediction. 我们都相信她的预言。
 
deduce  v.推论,演绎出
【释】 to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
【派】 n. deduction; a. deducible / deductive
【用】 deduce from
【例】 From this fact we may deduce that he is sick. 从这个事实我们可推断他生病了。
 
hypothesis  n.假设
【释】 an idea or explanation for something that is based on known facts but has not yet been proved
【派】 v. hypothesize; a. hypothetical
【例】 Several conclusions flow from this hypothesis. 从这项假设中可以得出几个结论。
 
The American medical association (AMA) represents about half of all US doctors and is a strong opponent of smoking.
美国医学协会(AMA)代表美国半数的医生,强烈反对吸烟。
 
represent  vt.表现,表示;描绘;代表
【释】 to speak, act or be present officially for another person or people; to be the member of Parliament, or of Congress, etc. for a particular area
【派】 n. representation; a. representative / representational
【例】 The rose represents England. 玫瑰花是英格兰的象征。
 
Without further expansion they could save around 2000 species of endangered land vertebrates.
如果没有进一步扩张,他们可拯救约2000种濒危陆地脊椎动物。
 
vertebrate  n.脊椎动物
【释】 an animal that has a spine
【例】 A dog is a vertebrate animal. 狗是脊椎动物。
 
Scrapping them offers a two-fold bonus.
除掉他们将提供双倍奖金。
 
scrap  vt.抛弃,除掉
【释】 to not continue with a system or plan; to get rid of something which is no longer useful or wanted, often using its parts in new ways
【派】 a. scrappy
【例】 Hundreds of nuclear weapons have been scrapped. 很多核武器已经停止使用了。
 
bonus  n.红利,奖金
【释】 an extra amount of money that is given to you as a present or reward in addition to the money you were expecting
【例】 The firm rewarded her hard work with a bonus. 公司发给她奖金以酬谢她工作努力。
 
It can spill over and indicate an obsession with power.
它可以蔓延,并表明对权力的沉迷。
 
spill  v.溢出,洒,使……流出
【释】 to (cause to) flow, move, fall or spread over the edge or beyond the limits of something
【派】 n. spill / spillage
【用】 spill on / down / over / onto
【例】 Don’t jog me, or you’ll make me spill something! 别碰我,不然我就把东西弄洒了。
 
obsession  n.[U]痴迷;困扰,成见 [C]使人痴迷的人(或物)
【释】 something or someone that you think about all the time
【派】 v. obsess; a. obsessive; ad. obsessively
【用】 obsession with
【例】 Her madness is caused or conditioned by compulsion or obsession. 她的精神失常是由强迫或者痴迷造成的。
 
As treatment for back pain the Clinic mainly recommends relaxation therapy.
考虑到背痛的治疗,临床主要推荐放松疗法。
 
treatment  n.治疗
【释】 the way you deal with or behave towards someone or something; the way something is considered and examined
【派】 v. treat; a. treatable
【例】 He is in a bad way after treatment. 经过治疗他尚未痊愈。
 
This leaves unstable alpha crystals in the glass, primed like a coiled spring.
这使得不稳定的阿尔法晶体留在玻璃里,像一个螺旋形弹簧。
 
unstable  a.不稳定的
【释】 not solid and firm and therefore not strong, safe or likely to last; describe someone who suffers from sudden and extreme changes in their mental and emotional state
【派】 a. stable
【例】 Most of the countries in the region have unstable economies. 这个地区大多数国家的经济都不稳定。
 
coil        n.卷,骚动
【释】 a length of rope, hair or wire, arranged into a series of circles, one above the other; specialized a twisted length of wire through which an electric current travels
【派】 v. coil; a. coiled
【例】 He passed me a coil of thread. 他递给我一卷线。
 
Archaeology makes clear that with judicious management selected parts of the region could support more people than anyone thought before.
考古学明确指出,通过明智的管理,该地区被选定部分可以养活比以往任何人所能想到的更多的人。
 
archaeology  n.考古学
【释】 the study of the buildings, graves, tools and other objects which belonged to people who lived in the past, in order to learn about their culture and society
【派】 a. archaeological; ad. archaeologically; n. archaeologist
【例】 Brief History of Chinese Archaeology contains many interesting stories.《中国考古学简史》里有很多有趣的故事。
 
judicious  a.头脑精明的,贤明的,判断正确的
【释】 having or showing reason and good judgment in making decisions
【派】 ad. judiciously; n. judiciousness
【例】 Judicious lying sounds believable. 说来头头是道的谎话听起来像真的一样。
 
Evidence of early stages of arithmetic can be readily found.
早期算法的证据很容易找到。
 
arithmetic  n.算术
【释】 the part of mathematics that involves the adding and multiplying, etc. of numbers
【派】 a. arithmetical; ad. arithmetically
【例】 Her arithmetic is good. 她的算术很好。
 
Research in 1999 said arthritis, high blood pressure and circulation problems ect.
1999年的研究报告说了关节炎、高血压和血液循环等问题。
 
arthritis  n.关节炎
【释】 a serious condition in which a person’s joints become painful, swollen and stiff
【派】 a./n. arthritic
 
circulation  n.流通;循环;发行量
【释】 when something such as information, money or goods passes from one person to another; the number of people to whom a newspaper or magazine is regularly sold; the movement of blood around the body
【派】 n. circular; v. circulate
【例】 The government are trying to improve the traffic circulation. 政府正在致力于改善交通。
 
Pupils are likely to be filled with boredom or frustration.
小学生们很可能感到无聊甚至沮丧。
 
boredom  n.厌烦,厌倦,令人厌烦的事物
【释】 when you are bored
【派】 v. bore; a. bored / boring; ad. boringly
【例】 He started to drink because of boredom. 因为厌倦,他开始喝酒。
 
frustration  n.打破,挫折,顿挫
【释】 making someone feel annoyed or discouraged because they cannot achieve what they want
【派】 v. frustrate; a. frustrated / frustrating
【用】 frustration at
【例】 He uttered it in frustration because he could not carry it out.他沮丧地诉说着,因为他没有能力完成。
 
It re-entered public consciousness with the release of side effect.
摆脱了负面效应,它再次进入公众意识。
 
consciousness  n.意识;知觉;自觉
【释】 the condition of being awake and able to understand what is happening
【用】 consciousness that
【例】 She had a consciousness that something wasn’t right. 她觉得事情有些不对劲。
 
release   n.释放,让渡;发行
【释】 to give freedom or free movement to someone or something; to move a device from a fixed position to allow it to move freely
【派】 n. relief / releasee / releaser; a. releasible; v. release
【用】 release from
【例】 He won his first release from the fences of home. 他第一次成功脱出家庭的樊笼。
 
Those were consecutive laps in less than seconds, which had once been regarded as impossible.
这些是在很短的时间内出现的连续圈,曾经被认为是不可能出现的。
 
consecutive  a.连续的,连贯的
【释】 describes events, numbers, etc. that follow one after another without an interruption
【派】 ad. consecutively; n. consecutiveness
【例】 She has four consecutive gold medals. 她连续获得四枚金牌。
 
One of the earliest dissertations on the subject of tourism is written by Boorstin.
关于旅游这个主题,最早的论文之一是由布尔斯廷写的。
 
dissertation  n.论文
【释】 a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one that is done as a part of a course at college or university
【派】 a. dissertational
【例】 One has to write a dissertation for a degree. 必须撰写学位论文才能获得学位。
 
Bakelite had the distinction of being the first totally thermosetting plastic.
作为第一种完全热固性塑料,酚醛塑料特征明显。
 
distinction  n.差别,不同,对比,区分,辨别
【释】 a difference between two similar things
【派】 a. distinctive; ad. distinctively; n. distinctiveness
【用】 distinction of
【例】 draw a distinction from right and wrong 分辨是非
 
thermosetting  a.热硬化性的
【释】 having the property of becoming permanently hard and rigid when heated or cured
【例】 laminated thermosetting resin层状热固性树脂
 
The department of ethnography focuses mainly on modem societies.
人种学部门研究的核心是现代社会。
 
ethnography  n.人种学,人种论
【释】 a scientific description of the culture of a society by someone who has lived in it, or a book containing this
【派】 a. ethnographic; ad. ethnographically; n. ethnographer
 
Office signs and furniture are often used as role signs.
办公室标志及家具往往被用作地位的象征。
 
furniture  n.家具
【释】 items such as chairs, tables, beds, cupboards, etc. which are put into a house or other building to make it suitable and comfortable for living or working in
【用】 an article of furniture; a piece of furniture
【例】 They only got married recently and they haven’t got much furniture. 他们才结婚不久,家里没有什么家具。

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