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摘要： 继List17之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List18，希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢！
Archaeologists in recent decades have developed “ethno-archaeology”, where, like ethnographers, they live among contemporary communities.
【释】 an expert specializing in a scientific description of the culture of a society by someone who has lived in it, or a book containing this
【派】 n. ethnography; a. ethnographic; ad. ethnographically
【释】 belonging to the same time
【派】 ad. contemporarily
【例】 Life in contemporary Britain impressed me most. 当代英国的生活给我的印象最深。
【释】 the people living in one particular area or people who are considered as a unit because of their common interests, background or nationality
【例】 He’s well known in the local community. 他在当地非常出名。
It presents fundamental strategies and approaches in achieving health for all.
【释】 forming the base, from which everything else originates; more important than anything else
【派】 n. fundamentals; ad. fundamentally
【例】 A knowledge of economics is fundamental to any understanding of this problem. 经济学知识对于理解这个问题是至关重要的。
To observers, as well as to influential natural scientists and regional planners, the luxuriant forests of Amazonian seem unconquerable.
【释】 connected with the power to have an effect on people or things, or a person or thing that is able to do this
【派】 n. / v. influence
【用】 influential in doing sth.
【例】 Our newspaper is an influential media in this city. 我们的报纸在本市的媒体中有很大影响力。
【释】 growing thickly, strongly and well; pleasantly dense or full
【派】 n. luxuriance; ad. luxuriantly
【用】 luxuriant in sth.
【例】 Luxuriant forests covered the hills. 山上长满茂密的树林。
【释】 not capable of being conquered or vanquished or overcome
【派】 ad. unconquerably
【例】 There is nothing unconquerable under the sun. 世上没有不可征服的东西。
But the search has been informative.
【释】 providing a lot of useful information
【派】 n. informant / information / informer; a. informative / informed / uninformed / informational; v. misinform / inform
【例】 It will be most interesting and informative to hear Mr. Black. 届时能聆听到布莱克先生的演讲，定会是极为有趣和增长见识的。
These misconceptions do not remain isolated but become incorporated into a multifaceted, but organized, conceptual framework, making it and the component ideas, some of which are not only erroneous, but also accessible to modification.
【释】 to separate something or someone from other things or people with which they are joined or mixed, or to keep them separate
【派】 a. isolated; n. isolation / isolationism / isolationist
【用】 isolate from
【例】 Scientists have isolated the bacteria causing the epidemic. 科学家们已分离出引起这种流行病的细菌。
【释】 having many different parts
【派】 n. facet
【释】 based on ideas or principles
【派】 n. concept / conception; v. conceptualize
【例】 conceptual analysis概念分析
【释】 wrong or false
【派】 ad. erroneously; n. error
【例】 An erroneous belief probably lead to a serious mistake. 一个错误观念很可能铸成大错。
【释】 to change something such as a plan, opinion, law or way of behaviour slightly, usually to improve it or make it more acceptable
【派】 v. modify; n. modifier
【例】 The speech added by some modifications will be perfect. 修改后的演讲稿将会更加完美。
This point is the opposite part of the Earth’s orbit.
【释】 completely different
【派】 v. oppose; a. opposed; n. opposition
【用】 be opposite to
【例】 They have opposite views on the question. 在这个问题上他们持相反的观点。
orbit n.轨道，常轨；眼眶 v.绕……轨道运行
【释】 the curved path through which objects in space move around a planet or star
【派】 a. orbital
【用】 go into orbit... around...
【例】 How many spacecrafts are orbiting the moon? 有多少航天器绕月球轨道飞行？
A precise definition allows you to do very prescribed things in certain situations.
【释】 exact and accurate
【派】 ad. precisely; n. precision
【用】 at the precise moment
【例】 I am not clear about the precise bearing of the word in this passage.我说不准这个字在这段文章里的确切意义是什么。
【释】 to say what medical treatment someone should have; issue commends or orders for
【派】 n. prescription; a. prescribed / prescriptive
【用】 prescribe for; prescribe that
【例】 What medicine did the doctor prescribe for your illness? 医生开了什么药来治你的病？
Behavioral ecologist looked at their predatory behavior when they reached adulthood.
【释】 a predatory animal kills and eats other animals
【释】 v. predate; n. predator
【释】 the part of someone’s life when they are an adult
【派】 v./n. adult
【例】 People in China legally reach adulthood at 18. 在中国，法定成年年龄是18岁。
If the predictions you make as a result of deducing certain consequences from your hypothesis are not shown to be correct then you modify your hypothesis.
【释】 when you say what will happen in the future
【派】 v. predict; a. predictable / predictive; ad. predictably; n. predictibility
【用】 make predictions about sth.; prediction that-clause
【例】 We all believed in her prediction. 我们都相信她的预言。
【释】 to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
【派】 n. deduction; a. deducible / deductive
【用】 deduce from
【例】 From this fact we may deduce that he is sick. 从这个事实我们可推断他生病了。
【释】 an idea or explanation for something that is based on known facts but has not yet been proved
【派】 v. hypothesize; a. hypothetical
【例】 Several conclusions flow from this hypothesis. 从这项假设中可以得出几个结论。
The American medical association (AMA) represents about half of all US doctors and is a strong opponent of smoking.
【释】 to speak, act or be present officially for another person or people; to be the member of Parliament, or of Congress, etc. for a particular area
【派】 n. representation; a. representative / representational
【例】 The rose represents England. 玫瑰花是英格兰的象征。
Without further expansion they could save around 2000 species of endangered land vertebrates.
【释】 an animal that has a spine
【例】 A dog is a vertebrate animal. 狗是脊椎动物。
Scrapping them offers a two-fold bonus.
【释】 to not continue with a system or plan; to get rid of something which is no longer useful or wanted, often using its parts in new ways
【派】 a. scrappy
【例】 Hundreds of nuclear weapons have been scrapped. 很多核武器已经停止使用了。
【释】 an extra amount of money that is given to you as a present or reward in addition to the money you were expecting
【例】 The firm rewarded her hard work with a bonus. 公司发给她奖金以酬谢她工作努力。
It can spill over and indicate an obsession with power.
【释】 to (cause to) flow, move, fall or spread over the edge or beyond the limits of something
【派】 n. spill / spillage
【用】 spill on / down / over / onto
【例】 Don’t jog me, or you’ll make me spill something! 别碰我，不然我就把东西弄洒了。
obsession n.［U］痴迷；困扰，成见 ［C］使人痴迷的人（或物）
【释】 something or someone that you think about all the time
【派】 v. obsess; a. obsessive; ad. obsessively
【用】 obsession with
【例】 Her madness is caused or conditioned by compulsion or obsession. 她的精神失常是由强迫或者痴迷造成的。
As treatment for back pain the Clinic mainly recommends relaxation therapy.
【释】 the way you deal with or behave towards someone or something; the way something is considered and examined
【派】 v. treat; a. treatable
【例】 He is in a bad way after treatment. 经过治疗他尚未痊愈。
This leaves unstable alpha crystals in the glass, primed like a coiled spring.
【释】 not solid and firm and therefore not strong, safe or likely to last; describe someone who suffers from sudden and extreme changes in their mental and emotional state
【派】 a. stable
【例】 Most of the countries in the region have unstable economies. 这个地区大多数国家的经济都不稳定。
【释】 a length of rope, hair or wire, arranged into a series of circles, one above the other; specialized a twisted length of wire through which an electric current travels
【派】 v. coil; a. coiled
【例】 He passed me a coil of thread. 他递给我一卷线。
Archaeology makes clear that with judicious management selected parts of the region could support more people than anyone thought before.
【释】 the study of the buildings, graves, tools and other objects which belonged to people who lived in the past, in order to learn about their culture and society
【派】 a. archaeological; ad. archaeologically; n. archaeologist
【例】 Brief History of Chinese Archaeology contains many interesting stories.《中国考古学简史》里有很多有趣的故事。
【释】 having or showing reason and good judgment in making decisions
【派】 ad. judiciously; n. judiciousness
【例】 Judicious lying sounds believable. 说来头头是道的谎话听起来像真的一样。
Evidence of early stages of arithmetic can be readily found.
【释】 the part of mathematics that involves the adding and multiplying, etc. of numbers
【派】 a. arithmetical; ad. arithmetically
【例】 Her arithmetic is good. 她的算术很好。
Research in 1999 said arthritis, high blood pressure and circulation problems ect.
【释】 a serious condition in which a person’s joints become painful, swollen and stiff
【派】 a./n. arthritic
【释】 when something such as information, money or goods passes from one person to another; the number of people to whom a newspaper or magazine is regularly sold; the movement of blood around the body
【派】 n. circular; v. circulate
【例】 The government are trying to improve the traffic circulation. 政府正在致力于改善交通。
Pupils are likely to be filled with boredom or frustration.
【释】 when you are bored
【派】 v. bore; a. bored / boring; ad. boringly
【例】 He started to drink because of boredom. 因为厌倦，他开始喝酒。
【释】 making someone feel annoyed or discouraged because they cannot achieve what they want
【派】 v. frustrate; a. frustrated / frustrating
【用】 frustration at
【例】 He uttered it in frustration because he could not carry it out.他沮丧地诉说着，因为他没有能力完成。
It re-entered public consciousness with the release of side effect.
【释】 the condition of being awake and able to understand what is happening
【用】 consciousness that
【例】 She had a consciousness that something wasn’t right. 她觉得事情有些不对劲。
【释】 to give freedom or free movement to someone or something; to move a device from a fixed position to allow it to move freely
【派】 n. relief / releasee / releaser; a. releasible; v. release
【用】 release from
【例】 He won his first release from the fences of home. 他第一次成功脱出家庭的樊笼。
Those were consecutive laps in less than seconds, which had once been regarded as impossible.
【释】 describes events, numbers, etc. that follow one after another without an interruption
【派】 ad. consecutively; n. consecutiveness
【例】 She has four consecutive gold medals. 她连续获得四枚金牌。
One of the earliest dissertations on the subject of tourism is written by Boorstin.
【释】 a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one that is done as a part of a course at college or university
【派】 a. dissertational
【例】 One has to write a dissertation for a degree. 必须撰写学位论文才能获得学位。
Bakelite had the distinction of being the first totally thermosetting plastic.
【释】 a difference between two similar things
【派】 a. distinctive; ad. distinctively; n. distinctiveness
【用】 distinction of
【例】 draw a distinction from right and wrong 分辨是非
【释】 having the property of becoming permanently hard and rigid when heated or cured
【例】 laminated thermosetting resin层状热固性树脂
The department of ethnography focuses mainly on modem societies.
【释】 a scientific description of the culture of a society by someone who has lived in it, or a book containing this
【派】 a. ethnographic; ad. ethnographically; n. ethnographer
Office signs and furniture are often used as role signs.
【释】 items such as chairs, tables, beds, cupboards, etc. which are put into a house or other building to make it suitable and comfortable for living or working in
【用】 an article of furniture; a piece of furniture
【例】 They only got married recently and they haven’t got much furniture. 他们才结婚不久，家里没有什么家具。