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摘要： 继List22之后为大家带来上海环球雅思名师李宁老师为大家整理的剑桥雅思词汇详解Word List23，希望对同学们复习迎考有所帮助噢！
They may request brief details of your symptoms or illness — this enables the doctors to assess the degree of urgency.
【释】 something wrong with your body or mind which shows that you have a particular illness
【用】 symptom of
【例】 Common symptoms of diabetes are fatigue and weight loss. 糖尿病的一般症状是身体虚弱、体重减轻。
【释】 to make a judgment about a person or situation after thinking carefully about it
【派】 n. assessment / assessor
【例】 They should assess the performance of college graduates every two years.他们 应该每隔两年对大学毕业生的工作表现进行一次考核。
【释】 the state of being urgent, needing attention very soon
【派】 a. urgent; ad. urgently
【例】 This is a mater of great urgency. 这是一件十分紧急的事情。
Restaurant owners and patrons should abandon the use of disposable chopsticks for the good of their health and the environment.
【释】 to leave someone, especially someone you are responsible for
【派】 a. abandoned; n. abandonment
【例】 Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed. 那些自暴自弃的人是无法成功的。
【释】 intended to be used once or for a short time and then thrown away
【派】 v. dispose
【例】 The couple bought a dozen of disposable diaper. 这对夫妇买了很多一次性尿布。
China will accelerate the fully listing of its eligible centrally administered state-owned enterprises.
【释】 someone who is eligible for something is able or allowed to do it, for example because they are at the right age
【派】 n. eligibility
【用】 eligible for; eligible to do sth.
【例】 He was not eligible for the examination because he was over age. 他没有考试资格，因为他已超龄。
【例】 drain of state-owned property 国有资产流失
【释】 an organization, especially a business, or a difficult and important plan, especially one that will earn money
【例】 commercial enterprises such as food manufacturers and banks. 像食品生产商和银行业的商业单位
For maximum dung burial in spring, summer and autumn, fanners require a variety of species with overlapping periods of activity.
【释】 the act or ceremony of putting a dead body into a grave
【派】 v. bury
【用】 burial of
【例】 He possesses a common burial place. 他有一块普通墓地。
【释】 if two or more things overlap, the second one starts before the first one has finished, or part of one thing covers part of another thing
【用】 overlap with
【例】 History and politics overlap and should be studied together. 历史与政治有相同之处，应该一起来研究。
One interesting correlation Manton uncovered is that better-educated people are likely to live longer.
【释】 a connection between two ideas, facts etc., especially when one may be the cause of the other
【派】 v. correlate
【用】 correlation between; correlation with
【例】 The correlation of social power with wealth is obvious in today’s society. 社会权力与财富在当今社会有着明显的相关性。
be likely to conj.可能（可预期的）
【例】 Smokers who inhale are likely to become addicted to nicotine.吸烟时把烟吸入肺里的人容易对尼古丁上瘾成性。
Seven luxury homes cosseted inside a high earth-covered noise embankment.
【释】 to give someone as much care and attention as you can, especially too much
【例】 The students have been cosseted by the parents for so long that they have forgotten how to take responsibility for themselves. 学生长期受家长溺爱，以至于忘记了自己的责任所在。
【释】 a wide wall of earth or stones built to stop water from flooding an area, or to support a road or railway
【例】 He often promenades his family along the Thames Embankment.他常常带家人沿着泰晤士河堤散步。
Counseling and welfare association is willing to listen, and advice or arrange a referral.
counsel n.忠告；辩护人 v.商议，劝告
【用】 counsel for
【例】 Good counsel never comes too late. 忠言绝不嫌迟。
【释】 the act of sending someone or something to another person to be helped or dealt with
【派】 v. refer; n. reference
【用】 referral to
【例】 International Referral System for Sources of Environmental Information Programme Activity Centre国际环境信息来源查询系统方案活动中心
They are often wealthier than their American counterparts but have not generated the same level of car use.
【释】 someone or something that has the same job or purpose as someone or something else in a different place
【例】 I drained my memory in vain for its counterpart in literature. 我绞尽脑汁也想不出它在文学中的对等物。
【释】 to produce or cause something
【派】 n. generation
【例】 Steam can generate electricity by turning an electric generator. 蒸汽转动发电机可以发电。
European peasants would insert a wooden drill in a round hole and rotate it briskly between their palms.
drill n.钻孔机，钻子，播种机 v.训练，钻孔
【释】 a tool with a sharp point and cutting edges for making holes in hard materials
【用】 drill into / through
【例】 He wrote a book on electrician’s drill. 他写了一本关于电工钻的书。
【释】 to turn with a circular movement around a central point, or to make something do this
【派】 n. rotation
【例】 The Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours. 地球每24小时绕轴心转一周。
【释】 quick and full of energy
【派】 n. briskness
【例】 After examination，he went out of the classroom briskly.考试结束，他轻松愉快地走出了教室。
palm n.手掌 n.棕榈树 vt.把……藏在手中
【释】 the inside surface of your hand, in which you hold things
【例】 She held the English book in the palm of her hand. 她手里拿着那本英语书。
As it was always a collection of dubious repute, one is obliged to reflect upon the standards that the zoo federation sets when granting membership.
【释】 thought not to be completely true or not able to be trusted
【派】 ad. dubiously
【例】 He deals with the problem in a dubious manner. 他处理问题的方式令人怀疑。
repute n.名望，名气，声望 v.认为，以为
【释】 the state of being held in high esteem and honor
【派】 a. reputed; ad reputedly
【例】 By repute means according to general belief. 根据名声就是根据人们一般的信任程度。
【释】 if you are obliged to do something, you have to do it because the situation, the law，a duty etc. makes it necessary
【派】 n. obligation
【用】 oblige sb. to do sth.; feel obliged to
【例】 She feels obliged to cancel the contract. 她认为有必要取消合同。
【释】 a group of organizations, clubs, or people that have joined together to form a single group
【例】 European Federation欧洲联盟
【释】 to give someone something or allow them to have something that they have asked for
【用】 grant sth. to sb.
【例】 They got a document granting exclusive right to publish and sell literary or musical or artistic work. 他们获得了授予出版和销售文学、音乐或艺术品的独占权的证书。
Today, however, I found exuberant, a library which can be used to generate an index file mapping language objects to source files.
exuberant a.充满活力的，旺盛的 v.生机盎然，充溢
【释】 of people and their behaviour very energetic; happy and full of energy and excitement
【派】 n. exuberance; ad. exuberantly
【例】 Her husband is characterized by a lightly pert and exuberant quality. 她丈夫有着稍显鲁莽而又充满活力的个性。
index n.索引，指针，指数 v.编入索引中，指出
【释】 an alphabetical list, such as one printed at the back of a book showing which page a subject, name, etc. is found on
【派】 n. indexation
【例】 Author and subject index are available on a library database. 作者索引和学科索引可在图书馆的数据库中找到。
In formal contexts, the use of feasible to mean “likely” or “probable” should be avoided.
【释】 a plan, idea, or method that is feasible is possible and is likely to work
【派】 ad. feasibly; n. feasibility
【用】 feasible to; feasible that
【例】 It’s not feasible to follow your proposals. 按照你的建议去做是行不通的。
【释】 likely to be true or likely to happen
【派】 n. probability
【用】 it is probable that
【例】 Rain is possible but not probable this evening. 今晚可能有雨，但不一定会下。
Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals referencing lyrics of a religious nature.
【释】 one of the four books in the Bible about Christ’s life
【例】 The Gospel of St. John has more idiosyncrasies and is colored by theology of a strongly Hellenic type.《约翰福音》具有更多的特性，是被强烈的希腊式神学渲染了的。
【释】 a particular type of art, writing, music etc., which has certain features that all examples of this type share
【用】 genre of
【例】 Superficially，this Shakespeare’s work seems to fit into the same genre. 表面上看，莎士比亚的这个剧本似乎属于同一类型。
【释】 connected with the voice
【派】 ad. vocally
【例】 They played a piece of vocal music. 他们演奏了一曲声乐作品。
lyric n.抒情诗，歌词 a.抒情的
【释】 poems that expressing strong personal emotions such as love, in a way that is similar to music in its sounds and rhythm
【释】 lyric poetry抒情诗
【释】 connected with religion or with a particular religion
【派】 n. religiosity / religion
【例】 In the old days, the government opposes religious freedom and persecutes religious people.在旧社会，政府反对宗教自由，迫害宗教人士。
Hazard is an old English game played with two dice which was mentioned in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales in the 14th century.
dice n.骰子 vt.切成方块 vi.掷骰子
【释】 one or more small blocks of wood, plastic etc. that have six sides with a different number of spots on each side, used in games
【例】 He likes to win or lose money by gambling with dice. 他喜欢掷骰子赌输赢。
Geoffrey Chaucer [England] 乔叟［英］
【释】 Geoffrey Chaucer (1343-1400), who wrote The House of Fame, Troilus and Criseyde, The Legend of Good Women and The Canterbury Tales. 杰弗里•乔叟（约1343~1400），写有《声誉之宫》、《特罗拉斯与克莱西德》、《善良女子的传说》和《坎特伯雷故事集》。
【例】 In his uncompleted masterpiece The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer described the pilgrimage undertaken by people on horseback to the shrine of Archbishop Beckett at the Canterbury Cathedral, with each telling a story to pass the time. 乔叟未完成的杰作《坎特伯雷故事集》中叙述了一行朝圣者骑马去坎特伯雷大教堂贝克特大主教殉道处朝圣，路上每人讲述一个故事。
The intensity of farming in the rich world should decline, and the use of chemical inputs will diminish.
【释】 the quality of being felt very strongly or having a strong effect
【例】 The poem showed great intensity of feeling. 这首诗表现出强烈的激情。
In time they multiply and within three or four years benefits to the pasture are obvious.
multiply v.繁殖，乘，増加 ad.多样地，多倍地，多重地
【释】 to do a calculation in which you add a number to itself a particular number of times
【用】 multiply sth. by sth.
【例】 When animals have more food, they generally multiply faster. 当动物有更多的食物时，它们一般繁殖更快。
pasture n.牧场 vi. 吃（草） vt.放牧
【释】 a land or field that is covered with grass and is used for cattle, sheep etc. to feed on
【例】 Primitive Forests have given place to tillage and pasture.原始的森林已被耕地和牧场所取代。
Orientation will include official events such as registration，enrolment into your course and information sessions as well as campus tours, fun activities.
【释】 the type of activity or subject that a person or organization seems most interested in and gives most attention to
【用】 orientation towards / to; orientation of
【例】 The enterprise needs to develop a stronger orientation towards the new marketing. 公司需要对新市场做出更强有力的定位。
【释】 the act of making an official record of sth. / sb.
【派】 n. register; a. registered
【用】 registration of
【例】 She is in charge of the registration of students for, an examination. 她负责学生考试登记。
【释】 to put yourself or someone else onto the official list of members of a course, college or group
【派】 v. enrol / enroll
【例】 September is an enrolment season. 九月份是新生入学时期。
【释】 a period of time used for a particular activity, especially by a group of people
【用】 session of
【例】 a training session for teachers about English pedagogy 一个英语教师教学法的培训
Prodigious efforts, accelerated during two world wars, were required before the technology of primitive rocketry could be translated into the reality of sophisticated astronauts.
prodigious a.巨大的，奇异的 n.奇迹
【释】 very large or great in a surprising or impressive way
【派】 ad. prodigiously
【用】 prodigious amounts / quantities of sth.
【例】 That prodigious creature was a gloomy man, enveloped in a sad aura. 那个怪人是个愁容满面、郁郁寡欢的人。
primitive a.原始的 n.原始人
【释】 relating to human society at a very early stage of development，with people living in a simple way without machines or a writing system
【派】 ad. primitively; n. primitiveness
【例】 This book is about the mythologies of primitive races. 这本书是一部原始民族神话集。
【释】 the branch of engineering science that studies rocket design and operation produce, glossaries
Indeed AHI is progressively rolling out these initiatives in other hotels in Australia.
【释】 developing or happening gradually
【派】 a. progressive; n. progress
【例】 His eyesight is becoming progressively worse. 他的视力越来越差。
【释】 a new action or movement, often intended to solve a problem
【派】 a. initial; ad. initially; v. initialize
【用】 initiative for
【例】 The United Nations about a new peace initiative. 联合国就新的和平倡议进行讨论。