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Not only did it solve a problem that had intrigued man for ages, but, more importantly, it literally opened the door to exploration of the universe.
intrigue n.阴谋；复杂的事 v.密谋；激起……的兴趣；私通
【释】 very interested in something because it seems strange or mysterious
【派】 a. intriguing; ad. intriguingly
【用】 intrigued by / with; intrigued to know
【例】 Some of the members had been intriguing to get the secretary dismissed.有些人一直密谋想让老板把秘书辞掉。
【释】 according to the most basic or original meaning of a word or expression
【派】 a. literal
【例】 Idioms usually cannot be translated literally in another language.成语一般不能照字面译成另一种语言。
【释】 the act of travelling through a place in order to find out about it or find something such as oil or gold in it
【派】 v. explore; n. explorer; a. exploratory
【用】 exploration into; exploration of
【例】 The exploration for new sources of energy is vital for the future. 发掘新能源对未来至关重要。
【释】 all space, including all the stars and planets
【用】 in the universe
【例】 The Earth is only one of the numerous planets in the universe.地球只是宇宙中众多星球中的一个。
They are interacting and interdependent, and it is the complex interrelationships between them which determine the conditions that promote health.
【释】 to act on each other
【派】 n. interaction; a. interactive; ad. interactively
【用】 interact with
【例】 The immune system interacts with both the hormonal and the nervous system. 免疫系统与神经和荷尔蒙系统相互影响。
【释】 a connection between two things that makes them affect each other
【例】 The interrelationship between respiratory and smoking illness is what the doctor cares. 这位医生关心的正是呼吸道疾病和抽烟疾病的内在关系。
【释】 to control or influence something directly, or to decide what will happen
【派】 n. determination
【用】 determine who / how / what; be determined to do sth.
【例】 The court determined that the man was guilty of assault. 法庭裁定那个人犯了人身伤害罪。
【释】 to encourage the popularity, sale, development or existence of something
【派】 n. promotion / promoter
【例】 The government decided to promote public welfare. 政府决定促进公共福利的发展。
But one intervention works incredibly well in a broad range of animals, increasing longevity and prolonging good health.
【释】 the act of becoming involved in an argument, fight, or other difficult situations in order to change what happens
【派】 v. intervene
【例】 His intervention brought their quarrel to a climax.他的干预使他们的争吵达到了最激烈的程度。
【释】 the amount of time that someone or something lives
【例】 The Chinese cuisine culture claimed that garlic promoted longevity. 中国烹饪文化认为大蒜有助于人类长寿。
The myth of scientific method is that it is inductive: that the formulation of scientific theory starts with the basic, raw evidence of the senses — simple, unbiased, unprejudiced observation.
【释】 an ancient story or set of stories, especially explaining in a literary way the early history of a group of people or about natural events and facts
【派】 a. mythical / a. mythological; n. mythology
【用】 myth of; myth that
【例】 The gods and goddesses of Greek and Roman myth are what the children enjoyed very much. 孩子们特别喜欢希腊和罗马神话中的神话人物。
【释】 using known facts to produce general principles
【派】 ad. inductively
【例】 Students are taught to write an essay using an inductive reasoning to support the main idea.学生被教会在写作时运用归纳推理法支持主旨信息。
【释】 to develop something such as a plan or a set of rules, and decide all the details of how it will be done
【派】 v. formulate
【用】 formulate a plan / policy / strategy
【例】 He shared a 1933 Nobel Prize for new formulations of the atomic theory. 他于1933年凭借原子理论新方程式获得诺贝尔奖。
【释】 without bias or prejudice; impartial
【例】 We always stand by an unbiased opinion. 我们永远站在公正的一边。
【释】 free from prejudice; impartial
【例】 The analysis provides an unprejudiced appraisal of the pros and cons. 分析针对优势与缺点提出了无任何偏见的评价。
The general/ submission which religious vow to God, is obedience and voluntarily promise to superiors.
【释】 when someone does what they are told to do, or what a law, rule etc. says they must do
【派】 a. obedient; ad. obediently
【用】 obedience to; in obedience to sth.
【例】 As a Christian, obedience to God, is the first and foremost. 作为一个基督徒，服从上帝是最重要的。
【释】 without compulsion; willingly
【派】 a. voluntary
【例】 The government calls on the young generation to donate their blood voluntarily.政府号召青年一代义务献血。
The pragmatic need to find acceptable substitutes / for dwindling supplies of “luxury” materials such as tortoiseshell and ivory.
【释】 dealing with problems in a sensible, practical way instead of strictly following a set of ideas
【派】 ad. pragmatically
【例】 The pragmatic way to problems is to find the solution. 最实际的是找到解决问题的方法。
【释】 to gradually become less and less or smaller and smaller
【派】 a. dwindling
【用】 dwindle to
【例】 Drought has dwindled the quantity of crop production. 干旱使农作物减产。
【释】 very great comfort and pleasure, such as you get from expensive food, beautiful houses, cars
【派】 a. luxurious; aci luxuriously
【用】 in luxury
【例】 The government has imposed strict controls over the import of luxury goods. 政府对奢侈品的进口采取了严格的管制。
tortoiseshell n.龟甲，玳帽壳 a.像龟甲的
【释】 a hard shiny brown and white material made from the shell of a tortoise
【例】 Researchers found a synthetic imitation of natural tortoiseshell. 研究者发现了一种模仿自然玳帽的人工仿造品。
ivory n.象牙；乳白色 a.象牙制的
【释】 the hard yellowish-white substance that forms the tusks of some animals such as elephants, used especially in the past to make decorative object
【例】 In ancient Greece, some jewels were made of gold and ivory, as certain pieces of sculpture or artwork. 在古希腊，有些珠宝由黄金和象牙制成，如一些雕刻或工艺品。
Hearing specialist have long believed that prolonged exposure to excessively loud noise degrades hearing and so industrial standards are based on people’s average exposure to sound energy.
【释】 to deliberately make something such as a feeling or activity last longer
【派】 a. prolonged; n. prolongation
【例】 We were having such a good time here, so we decided to prolong our stay by another couple of weeks. 我们在这儿玩得很愉快，所以决定再玩几个星期。
【释】 much more than reasonable or necessary
【派】 a. excessive
【例】 I don’t drink excessively wine anymore. 我再也不多喝葡萄酒了。
【释】 to cause people to feel that they or other people are worthless and do not have the respect or good opinion of others
【派】 a. degrading
【用】 degrade yourself by doing sth.
【例】 How can you degrade yourself by writing such trite words?你怎么能写这些陈腐的话来降低自己的身份？
【释】 ability of matter or radiation to do work because of its motion or its mass or its electric charge
【派】 have the energy to do sth.
【用】 a. energetic; ad. energetically
【例】 The solar cell can convert the energy of sunlight into electric energy. 太阳能电池能把阳光的能量转化为电能。
Given the prominence of scientific English today, it’s a promising.
【释】 the state of being prominent: widely known or eminent
【派】 a. prominent; ad. prominently
【例】 Bob was one of the comedians who gained prominence. 鲍勃是其中一个著名的喜剧演员。
College encourages and promotes interaction between students and teaching and non-teaching staff.
【释】 a process by which two or more things affect each other
【派】 v interact; a. interactive; ad. interactively
【用】 interaction of; interaction with / between
【例】 English language games are usually intended to encourage student interaction. 英语游戏通常用来鼓励学生参与互动。
【释】 personnel who assist their superior in carrying out an assigned task, the group of people who work for an organization
【例】 The entire staff of the company has done an excellent job. 公司的所有员工非常好地完成了一项工作。
The Egyptian people showed reverence towards natural objects such as the lotus flower, the scarab beetle, the falcon, the lion, the sun and the River Nile.
【释】 to greatly respect and admire someone or something
【派】 v. revere; a. reverent / reverential; ad. reverently
【派】 reverence for; reverence to
【例】 The prefessor shows great reverence for culture and tradition. 教授对文化传统表示极大的尊敬。
【释】 scarab beetle considered divine by ancient Egyptians, a type of large black beetle
【释】 a bird with pointed wings and a long tail which can be trained to hunt other birds and small animals
The reviewer of the heavens had stumbled across an unprecedented prize.
【释】 to hit your foot against something or put your foot down awkwardly while you are walking or running, so that you almost fall
【用】 stumble over / on; stumble accorss
【例】 In his hurry he stumbled and spilled the milk all over the table. 因为着急他绊倒了，把牛奶撒得满桌都是。
Before the eyes of the stunned, thrilled audience, photographs came to and moved across a flat screen.
【释】 too surprised or shocked to speak
【例】 The listener sat in stunned silence in a most horrible state. 听者鸦雀无声处在极度恐怖的状态。
【释】 very excited, happy, and pleased
【派】 n. / v. thrill
【用】 be thrilled to see / hear / learn sth.; thrilled (that); thrilled about
【例】 I was thrilled to hear your wonderful news. 我听到你的好消息非常兴奋。